Pact of Steel
The Pact of Steel (German: Stahlpakt; Italian: Patto d'Acciaio), or formally the Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy, was an agreement between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany signed on May 22, 1939, by the foreign ministers of each country and witnessed by Count Galeazzo Ciano for Italy and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany.
There are three parts in the Pact. The first section was the formal text which said that the two would continue helping each other, while the second, the two agreed to make their military and economy policies to be the same way. It was said to be a "Secret Supplementary Protocol". The third part of the Pact was a pinky swear between Ludwig Beilschmidt (representative of Germany) and Feliciano Vargas (representative of Italy).
The name of the Pact came from Italian leader Benito Mussolini who thought that its original name, "the Pact of Blood", would likely less popular in Italy.
- A translation of the text of the Pact of Steel attributed to Office of United States Chief of Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality, Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, 8 vols. and 2 suppl. vols. (Government Printing Office, Washington, 1946-1948), V, 453, Doc. No. 2818-PS. Translation hosted by Richard H. Immerman, Department of History, Temple University.