Pakistan-administered Kashmir itself is split into two areas, these are:
- Azad Jammu and Kashmir Regional State of Pakistan (AJ&K)
- Federally Administered Northern Areas of Pakistan (FANA)
Area: of P.A.K. is 86,268 km² (33,308 mi²), excluding the Trans-Karakoram Tract (Shaksgam Valley) of disputed territory, which is also claimed by India. in terms of area Pakistan administered Kashmir is smaller than Moldova but bigger than Belgium
The Pakistan Declaration of 1933 had envisioned the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir as one of the "five Northern units of India" that were to form the new nation of Pakistan, on the basis of its Muslim majority, according to the Pakistanis they had signed a standstill agreement with ruler at the time. The Republic of India has a different perspective on this interpretation. The 2009 edition of the Freedom in the World (report) by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees rated Indian-administered Kashmir as partly free, while in comparison Pakistan-administered Kashmir was rated to be not free.
Administered divisions [change]
1947 To 1970 [change]
The whole area of Pakistan-administered Kashmir was administered as it was before independence.
Additionally, a part of Hunza-Gilgit called Raskam and the Shaksgam Valley of Baltistan region, ceded by Pakistan to the People's Republic of China in 1963 pending settlement of the dispute over Kashmir. This ceded area is also known as the Trans-Karakoram Tract.
Post 1972 [change]
Pakistan-administered Kashmir is administratively divided into two parts:
- Azad Kashmir ;
- Gilgit Baltistan: Gilgit was an agency leased by the Maharaja to British Government. Baltistan was a western district of Ladakh province which was annexed by Pakistan in 1948. The area is part of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region.
Aksai chin [change]
Pakistan administered Kashmir does not include Aksai Chin, the area of the former Princely state of Kashmir and Jammu that is under Chinese control since 1962.The cease-fire line that separates Jammu and Kashmir from the Aksai Chin is known as the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
Politics and Government [change]
Constitutional status [change]
Elections were held to the 49-seat Legislative Assembly of Pakistan-Administered Kashmir on July 11 to the eighth Legislative Assembly since 1970 (seventh since 1974 when Pakistan granted the region a parliamentary system with adult franchise). "Azad" Kashmir is categorised as an "autonomous" region. But critics claim titles such as Prime Minister and President for the region's elected political leadership are misleading as candidates are required to sign an affidavit of allegiance to Kashmir's accession to Pakistan.
On September 14, 1994, the Supreme Court of Pakistan-administered Kashmir ruled that "the Northern areas are a part of J&K State but are not a part of Azad J&K as defined in the Interim Constitution Act 1974". The Northern Areas presently has no officially named status in Pakistan. Pakistan does not consider this area as a "province" of Pakistan or as a part of "Azad Kashmir". They are ruled directly from Islamabad through a Northern Areas Council. A chief executive (usually a retired Pakistani army officer), appointed by Islamabad is the local administrative head. This area presently has no representatives in both the Azad Kashmir Assembly and in Pakistan’s parliament. Northern Areas’ Legislative Council was created with a membership of 29 (later increased to 32), but its powers are restricted. On May 11, 2007 the NA’s chief executive, who also happens to be the Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas Affairs, declared that the region had a right to be represented in the National Assembly. Others demand that it should be given the status of a province. The changes made in 1994 in the local bodies’ ordinance gave more representation to women and delegated some administrative and financial powers to the local administration. However, the people of the region do not enjoy fundamental rights, because it continues to be governed by the Legal Framework Order of 1994..
- "Freedom in the World 2009 – Kashmir (India)". Freedom House. 16 July 2009. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4a6452aa2d.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- "Freedom in the World 2009 – Kashmir (Pakistan)". Freedom House. 16 July 2009. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4a6452aa11.html. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
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