Palatal consonant

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A palatal consonant is a consonant that is pronounced with the body (the middle part) of the tongue against the hard palate (which is the middle part of the roof of the mouth). There is only one palatal consonant in English which is [j], which is the sound for "y" in the English word "yes". The most common palatal consonant used in the world is [j].

Palatal consonant in IPA[change | change source]

These are the palatal consonants in the International Phonetic Alphabet:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
Xsampa-J.png palatal nasal French agneau [aɲo] lamb
Xsampa-c.png voiceless palatal plosive Hungarian hattyú [hɒuː] swan
Xsampa-Jslash.png voiced palatal plosive Latvian ģimene [ɟimene] family
Xsampa-C2.png voiceless palatal fricative German nicht [nɪçt] not
Xsampa-jslash2.png voiced palatal fricative Spanish yema [ʝema] egg yolk
Xsampa-j2.png palatal approximant English yes [jɛs] yes
Xsampa-L2.png palatal lateral approximant Italian gli [ʎi] the (masculine plural)
Xsampa-Jslash lessthan.png voiced palatal implosive Swahili hujambo [huʄambo] hello
Xsampa-equalsslash.png palatal click Nǁng ǂoo [ǂoo] man, male