Palazzo Pitti, in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a Renaissance palace in Florence, Italy. The palace was bought by the Medici family in 1549. It became the main home of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Later the palace was used as a power base by Napoleon. During the Risorgimento, for a short time it was the royal palace of the newly united Italy. The palace and its contents were given to the Italian people by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1919. Its doors were opened to the public as one of Florence's largest art galleries. The palace is the largest museum complex in Florence. It is divided into several main galleries or museums: the Palatine Gallery, the Royal Apartments, the Gallery of Modern Art, the Silver Museum, the Porcelain Museum, the Costume Gallery and the Carriages Museum.