Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration

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Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration or Hallervorden Spatz disease is a rare disease primarily characterized by extrapyramidal symptoms and dementia, or extreme forgetfullness. Hallervorden-Spatz disease is degenerative brain disease, meaning the longer a person has it the worse the effects become. Scientists think it is caused by a build up of too much Iron in the brain.

Iron deposit in globus pallidus, imaging by MRI

Symptoms[change | change source]

The effects of the disease usually start at a young age and often result in a quick death. Some effects include:

  • Shaking of the arms and legs
  • Weakness

Other pages[change | change source]