Part of speech
In grammar, a part of speech (also called a word class, lexical class or lexical category) is a type of word. (The word lexical means "relating to the vocabulary of a language"). There are many different lexical categories, but the most common ones are the following:
- The noun identifies a person, place, or thing (Nouns with capital letters are proper nouns, such as "London" or "Fred").
- A pronoun substitutes for a person, place, or thing, such as "it", "you", "she" or "he" - a quick way to repeat a noun.
- A verb is an action word.
- An adjective describes a noun.
- An adverb describes an adjective, verb, or another adverb. Adverbs sometimes end in -ly but not always. It should also be noted that not all words that end in -ly are adverbs.
- Prepositions are words or word groups which begin a noun phrase with more than one word, such as "in" or "after".
- An interjection is a word which shows emotions, such as "Adieu!" and "Ouch!"