Paul Revere (21 December 1734 - 10 May 1818) was an early United States patriot. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts and worked there as a silversmith. He was married twice and became the father of 11 children. Revere was a member of a group called Sons of Liberty. This group wanted better treatment for the American colonies from the British government. Revere made pictures of the Boston Massacre. These pictures made Americans even more angry with the British.
Revere was a courier and soldier in the American Revolution. After the Revolutionary War, he operated a metal foundry in Boston. He died in Boston, and was buried in the Granary Burying Ground. He is most famous for alerting Colonial militia of approaching British forces before the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Revere is the subject of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's 1861 poem, "Paul Revere's Ride".
Midnight ride[change | edit source]
Revere is most famous for his "Midnight Ride". It happened on the night of 18-19 April 1775. British officials had learned the patriots were storing guns in Concord, Massachusetts. They wanted to destroy the guns. The patriots thought the British also wanted to capture patriot leaders John Hancock and Samuel Adams. The two leaders were staying in Lexington, Massachusetts. Revere and a man named William Dawes rode on horseback from Boston to Lexington, Massachusetts to warn Adams and Hancock that the British were marching. Revere warned other patriots along the way.
When Paul Revere arrived in Lexington he shouted loudly to wake up and warn the people. Revere was soon joined by Dawes who also told the people that the Redcoats soldiers were coming. Revere and Dawes were later stopped by the British in a field in the city of Lincoln, Massachusetts. But both men escaped. Revere ran away on foot, leaving his horse behind. When he got back to Lexington the fighting had already started.