Pax Romana

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Roman Empire at its biggest size, during the Pax Romana.

Pax Romana was the time when there was peace in the Roman Empire. (Peace is when there is no war.) "Pax" means "peace" in the Latin language; "Romana" means "Roman" in Latin. So, "Pax Romana" means "Roman peace."

The Pax Romana lasted from 27 BC until 180 AD. It started when Augustus Caesar was the emperor (ruler) of the Roman Empire.

The main good things that happened in this time were:

  1. There were not many wars.
  2. There was a lot of trade. ("Trade" means the buying and selling of goods. Goods are things that can be bought or sold.)

The Emperors of the Pax Romana were:

  • Nerva (AD 96 - 98) changed land laws to help the poor and changed taxes.
  • Trajan made the empire into its largest size and built many new public works such as bath-houses and roads.
  • Hadrian built Hadrian's Wall in Britain (a country in Europe) and also made Roman laws easier to understand.
  • Antoninus Pius promoted art and science and built new public works, and passed laws to aid orphans
  • The Pax Romana ended after Marcus Aurelius died. He helped bring the empire together economically and also changed Roman law.