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A pentacle is a five pointed star, with all lines the same length and all angles the same. Also, pentacle can mean any object that protects its owner (talisman), which can be a pentagram.
A pentagram is a pentacle drawn in a circle so the points touch the circle.
The pentagram has many meanings. To some people it means peace, harmony and tranquility. As a religious symbol it is associated with Wicca, but other religions use too. To some people it means the five wounds of Jesus Christ (the nails in each hand and foot, and the spear wound in his side). In Taoism a pentagram shows how the religious elements (earth, water, wood, fire, and metal) are related. But pentacles and pentagrams have many meanings.
A Pentacle is on the flag of Morocco.
In old times the pentagram was a symbol for good and for protection against evil. In modern times people often mistakenly think that the pentagram itself symbolizes evil. Some people also use an upside down pentagram to mean bad magic, evil and the Devil; some people think all pentagrams mean this. Satanists use this kind pentagram to mean their religion. Satanists call an upside down pentagram with a goat head a Baphomet without the goat head it's a very distant symbol used by wiccans. This Pentagram or Pentcle in Wicca stands for the second the degrees and when it's right side up it stands for fire, water, earth, air and spirit. In Sir Gawain and The Green Knight, the pentagram is mentioned as a symbol for Gawain's good character and truth.
The meaning of the Pentagram is discussed in The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown. According to the book, the Pentagram actually belonged to the ancient religion of Pagan Sun Worship and tied to the female planet Venus: every 8 years Venus traces a perfect Pentagram across the sky. The book says that the Pentagram was a symbol for the sacred female and was later taken by Christianity and mutilated to depict the devil in a Christian quest to disguise the beliefs that females were sacred.
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A pentagram can not be upside down. That is like saying a triangle is "upside down" but it can not be because a triangle has no set orientation. Pentagrams are used with two points evenly positioned at the top in satanism because it resembles a goat head, however just because it is positioned like that does not make it satanic. For a pentagram to be satanic it has to have the baphomet goat head inside it with the proper symbols around it.