|- elevation||61 m (200 ft)|
|Area||792.33 km² (306 sq mi)|
|Density||232.7 /km² (603 /sq mi)|
11 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
The province was created in 1944 with the name of Baní Province but that same year the name was changed to José Trujillo Valdez Province after the father of dictator Rafael Trujillo. In 1961, after Trujillo's death, the name of the province was changed to Peravia after the Valley of Peravia where is the city of Baní.
In 2000, the province was divided in two parts and the province of San José de Ocoa was formed with the northern part.
The Peravia province is one of the smallest province in the country with a total area of 792.33 km². It has 1.6% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 29th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province.
The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- Baní, head municipality of the province
In 2010 (last national census), there were 184,344 people living in the Peravia province, and 125,534 (68.10%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 233 persons/km², one of the highest in the country.
Its population represents 2.0% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 16th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
The Peravia province is along the Caribbean coast, in the eastern part of the Llano Costero del Caribe (in English, "Caribbean Coastal Plain"). There are several small valleys in the southern part of the province, surrounded by the north and west by mountains of the Cordillera Central (in English, "Central mountain range").
The most important rivers in the province are the Nizao and Ocoa rivers.
The main economic activity in the province is farming, growing fruits (like mangos) and vegetables (tomatoes and onions). Fishing and salt production is also important along the Caribbean Sea and there are some factories in Baní.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.