The best-known of those empires is probably the Achaemenid Empire. It was formed under Cyrus the Great who took over the empire of the Medes. He conquered the territories of the Babylonians, Assyrians, the Phoenicians, and the Lydians. It had land that went west from Iran to Turkey. It existed from about 550 BC to about 330 BC. The Greek city states fought against the Persian armies led by Darius and Xerxes. The third Persian empire was the Sassanid Empire.
Most of the following states in Greater Iran before to March 1935 are called the Persian Empire by Western historians.
Further reading [change]
- Pierre Briant: From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire, Eisenbrauns: 2002, ISBN 1575-06120-1
- Brosius, Maria: The Persians: An Introduction, Routledge:2006, ISBN 978-0-41532-090-0
Other websites [change]
- In Search of Cyrus the Great: Spenta Productions - a Documentary Movie about Cyrus the Great
- Persian Innovations
- Persepolis Recreated - Reconstruction of Persepolis MOVIE DOCUMENTARY
- Iran’s Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)
- The History of the Ancient Near East
- Persia, by S.G.W. Benjamin, 1891
- Ancient History Sourcebook: Persia
- PersianDNA History of the Great Persian Empire and the Ancient Zoroastrian Religion.
- Iran Cultural Heritage Organization Documentation Center (Persian)
- Iran Cultural Heritage Organization Technical Office for Preservation and Restoration (Persian)
- Iran Research Center for Conservation of Cultural Relics
- Iran Cultural Heritage News Agency (Recommended)
- Persepolis Fortification Archive Project
- Persepolis Official website
- Persians Are Not Arabs
- Oriental Institute Photographic Archives (Nearly 1,000 archaeological photographs of Persepolis and Ancient Persia)
- Publication of Old Maps of Persia (Iran) in The Netherlands
- Iran Cultural, Natural and Historical Attractions
- Persian Wars, Herodotus on the Web.
- Weaponry of Ancient Persian Armies, Farhang-e Iran.