Peterborough, Ontario

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City of Peterborough
Peterborough, Ontario
Motto: Dat natura, elaborant artes
(Nature Provides, Industry Develops)
Coordinates: 44°18′N 78°19′W / 44.3°N 78.317°W / 44.3; -78.317Coordinates: 44°18′N 78°19′W / 44.3°N 78.317°W / 44.3; -78.317
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Founded 1819 (Scott's Plains)
Government
 • Mayor Daryl Bennett
 • MP Dean Del Mastro (CPC)
Area
 • City 61.83 km2 (23.87 sq mi)
 • Metro 508.98 km2 (196.52 sq mi)
Elevation 195 m (640 ft)
Population (2006)
 • City 74,898
 • Density 1,282.6/km2 (3,322/sq mi)
 • Urban 76,925
 • Urban density 1,086.2/km2 (2,813/sq mi)
 • Metro 116,570
 • Metro density 77.42/km2 (200.5/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span K9H, K9J, K9K, K9L
Area code(s) 705 219

Peterborough is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario. The population of Peterborough was 45,965 in 2006. The mayor of Peterborough is Bob Kilger. Adam Scott, a settler, began construction of a sawmill and gristmill on the west shore of the Otonabee River and established the area as Scott's Plains. In 1822, the British Parliament approved an experimental emigration plan which would transport poor Irish families to Upper Canada. The scheme was managed by Peter Robinson, who was at the time a politician in York (present-day Toronto). The area of Scott's Plains was re-named Peterborough in Robinson's honour. During 1850, Peterborough was incorporated as a town and grew to a population of 2,191. The town of Peterborough later grew into a city on July 1, 1905[1].

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