Pilbara

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Pilbara
Region
Pilbara in western australia map.jpg
The Pilbara region according to the Regional Development Commissions Act 1993
Country Australia
State Western Australia
Area 502,000 km² (193,823 sq mi)
Population 48,610 (2010)
Weano Gorge in Karijini National Park: showing the bright-red strata of the iron-bearing Archaean rocks of the Pilbara.
North of the Pilbara looking south at the range

The Pilbara is a large, thinly populated region in the north of Western Australia.[1][2] The region has (2010) a population of about 48,600.[3][4]

Pilbara is known for Aboriginal peoples, its stunning landscapes, its red earth and its vast mineral deposits, in particular iron ore. It is a dry region, but it has cyclones every year or two. The cyclones bring a great deal of rain when they do occur.

The area is known for its petroleum, natural gas and iron ore deposits, which make up much of the economy of Western Australia. Other than mining, pastoral activities as well as fishing and tourism are the main industries.[5]

The Pilbara covers an area of 502,000 km².[6] It includes some of Earth's oldest rock formations in the Pilbara craton. This is one of the world's oldest undisturbed rock formations, dating back to the Archaean eon. It includes landscapes of coastal plains and mountain ranges with cliffs and gorges. The major settlements of the region are Port Hedland, Karratha and Newman.

The Pilbara includes the two of the largest national parks in Australia:

References[change | edit source]

  1. Environment Australia. Revision of the Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA) and Development of Version 5.1 - Summary Report. Department of the Environment and Water Resources, Australian Government. Archived from the original on 5 September 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060905215218/http://www.deh.gov.au/parks/nrs/ibra/version5-1/summary-report/index.html. Retrieved 2007-01-31.
  2. IBRA Version 6.1 data
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 March 2011). "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2009–10 - Western Australia". http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/3218.0~2009-10~Main+Features~Western+Australia?OpenDocument. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  4. "Rangelands - Overview - Pilbara". Australian Natural Resources Atlas. Department of Sustainabililty, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. 27 June 2009. http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/rangelands/overview/wa/ibra-pil.html. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  5. "Department of Health: Pilbara". Government of Western Australia. 19 January 2011. http://www.health.wa.gov.au/services/detail.cfm?Unit_ID=52. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  6. "Regional Development Australia Pilbara". http://www.rdapilbara.org.au/. Retrieved 28 August 2011.