Pilgrims

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A pilgrimage is a journey or travel, that is often done for a religious purpose
Embarcation of the Pilgrims, a painting by Robert Walter Weir

The Pilgrims is the name for the early settlers of the Plymouth Colony, which is now Plymouth, Massachusetts. These people referred to themselves as Separatists. Most of them were either Methodists or Puritans. They travelled from England on a ship called the Mayflower. There were 102 people on the ship including crew members. The Pilgrims left England because of religious differences with the Church of England. Some people call them Pilgrim Fathers.

The Mayflower was a cargo ship and was not meant for passengers. It was uncomfortable and small. Many Pilgrims got sick on the journey or soon after they arrived. One child was born on the Mayflower.

When they arrived in America, they built homes and farms. They received help from the Wampanoag people. The Wampanoag people taught the Pilgrims how to plant corn, hunt, and fish in the new land. They had a big feast for 3 days.

Common foods for Pilgrims were bread, grains, corn, venison, turkey, mussels, lobster, eel, and clams.