Polish–Soviet War

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Polish–Soviet War, Interwar Period
Part of The Russian Civil War
Polish-soviet war 1920 Polish defences near Milosna, August.jpg
Polish defenses at Miłosna, during the decisive battle of Warsaw, August 1920.
Date 1919–1921
Location Central and Eastern Europe
Result
Participants
 Russian SFSR
 Ukrainian SSR
Flag of Poland.svg Republic of Poland

Flag of Ukrainian People's Republic (non-official, 1917).svg Ukrainian People's Republic

Commanders and leaders
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Leon Trotsky
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Tukhachevsky (Western Front)
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Joseph Stalin (Lviv/Lwów front)
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Alexander Ilyich Yegorov (Southwestern Front)
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Semyon Budyonny (1st Cavalry Army)
Flag of Poland.svg Józef Piłsudski
Flag of Poland.svg Tadeusz Rozwadowski
Flag of Poland.svg Edward Rydz-Śmigły
Flag of Poland.svg Władysław Sikorski
Flag of Ukrainian People's Republic (non-official, 1917).svg Symon Petlyura
Strength
From ~50,000 in early 1919[1] to almost 800,000 in summer 1920[2] From ~50,000 in early 1919[3] to ~738,000 in August 1920[4]
Casualties and losses
estimated 60,000 killed[5]
80,000 – 157,000 taken prisoner

[6][7] (including rear-area personnel)

About 48,000 killed[8][9]
113,518 wounded[9]
51,351 taken prisoner[9]
------------------------
Names of Polish Armed Forces mortal casualties
in period 1918 – 1920
totaling 47,055

The Polish–Soviet War (February 1919 – March 1921) was an armed conflict between Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine against the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic. It was for control of what is present day Ukraine and parts of present day Belarus.

A formal peace treaty, the Peace of Riga, was signed on 18 March 1921. It divided the land between Poland and Soviet Russia. Much of the land given to Poland became part of the Soviet Union after World War II.

References[change | change source]

  1. Davies 2003, p. 39
  2. Davies, White Eagle..., Polish edition, p.142–143
  3. Davies 2003, p. 41
  4. Davies, White Eagle..., Polish edition, p.162 and p.202.
  5. Rudolph J. Rummel (1 January 1990). Lethal politics: Soviet genocide and mass murder since 1917. Transaction Publishers. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-56000-887-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=sK5CJFpb2DAC&pg=PA55. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  6. NDAP 2004 Official Polish government note about 2004 Rezmar, Karpus and Matveev book.
  7. Matveev 2006
  8. Norman Davies (1972). White eagle, red star: the Polish-Soviet war, 1919–20. Macdonald and Co.. p. 247. http://books.google.com/books?id=2ES0AAAAIAAJ. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 (Polish) Karpus, Zbigniew, Alexandrowicz Stanisław, Waldemar Rezmer, Zwycięzcy za drutami. Jeńcy polscy w niewoli (1919–1922). Dokumenty i materiały (Victors Behind Barbed Wire: Polish Prisoners of War, 1919–1922: Documents and materials), Toruń, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, 1995, ISBN 978-83-231-0627-2.