Political Parties in France

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France has a multi-party system, which means that several political parties must form coalitions in order to form a government. This is because it would be very difficult for any one party to win a majority of seats in the French National Assembly. Since the 1980s, there have been two major coalitions; one is a collection of right-wing parties and the other is a collection of left-wing parties.

Right-wing Parties[change | edit source]

National Front (Front National) - Promotes strong law enforcement, anti-immigration, Euroscepticism and a return to traditional French values.

Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire) - Promotes conservatism, liberal-conservatism, libertarianism and nationalism.

National Centre of Independents and Peasants (Centre National des Indépendants et Paysans) - Promotes Social conservatism, Liberal conservatism and National conservatism.

Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition (Chasse, Pêche, Nature, Traditions) - Promotes traditional rural values which include giving people the right to hunt and fish freely and the refusal of environmental legislation. Is also conservative and Eurosceptic.

Movement for France (Mouvement pour la France) - Promotes strong law enforcement, conservatism, anti-immigration and Euroscepticism.

Centrist Parties[change | edit source]

Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate) - Promotes centrism, social liberalis and is Pro-European.

New Centre (Nouveau Centre) - Promotes Christian democracy and liberalism.

Radical Party (Parti Radical) - Promotes liberalism.

Green Parties[change | edit source]

The Greens (Les Verts) - Promotes Environmentalism, Social progressivism and social democracy.

Left-wing Parties[change | edit source]

Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste) - Promotes Social democracy, Democratic socialism and socialism.

Unitarian Left (Gauche Unitaire) - Promotes anti-capitalism and democratic socialism.

Citizen and Republican Movement (Mouvement républicain et citoyen) - Promotes left-wing nationalism, social democracy, Euroscepticism and socialism.

Far Left Parties[change | edit source]

New Anticapitalist Party (Nouveau parti anticapitaliste) - Promotes Anti-capitalism, Democratic socialism and Eco-socialism.

Workers' Struggle (Lutte Ouvrière) - Promotes Trotskyism and communism.

Left Party (Parti de gauche) - Promotes democratic socialism, republicanism, anti-capitalism and environmentalism.

Radical Party of the Left (Parti Radical de Gauche) - Promotes left-wing radicalism and social liberalism.

French Communist Party (Parti communiste français) - Promotes eurocommunism, communism and democratic socialism.

Minor Parties[change | edit source]

Royalists[change | edit source]

  • Royal Alliance (Alliance Royale)
  • Nouvelle Action Royaliste
  • Democratic rally (Rassemblement démocrate)

Communists[change | edit source]

  • Worker's Communist Party of France (Parti Communiste des Ouvriers de France)
  • Independent Worker's Party (Parti ouvrier indépendant) - Trotskyist
  • Pole of Communist Rebirth in France (Pôle de Renaissance Communiste en France)

Green Parties[change | edit source]

  • Ecology Generation (Génération Écologie)
  • Independent Ecological Movement (Mouvement Écologiste Indépendant)
  • Citizenship, Action, Participation for the 21st Century (Citoyenneté Action Participation pour le XXIe siècle)

Centrist[change | edit source]

  • Union of Radical Republicans (Union des républicains radicaux)

Liberal[change | edit source]

  • Liberal Democratic Party (Parti libéral démocrate)

Others[change | edit source]

  • Pirate Party (Parti Pirate)

Regionalist Parties[change | edit source]

  • Abertzaleen Batasuna - Basque nationalist
  • Alsace d'abord (In English:Alsace First) - Alsace nationalist
  • Savoyan League (Ligue savoisienne) - Savoy nationalist
  • Breton Democratic Union (Union Démocratique Bretonne) - Breton nationalism
  • Party of the Corsican Nation (U Partitu di a Nazione Corsa) - Corsican nationalism
  • Corsica Libera - Corsican nationalism