Political divisions of Mexico

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The United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic formed by 32 federal entities (Spanish: entidades federativas) (31 states and 1 federal district).

According to the Constitution of 1917, the states of the federation are free and sovereign.[1] Each state has their own congress and constitution, but the Federal District has only limited autonomy with a local Congress and government. The territory of the Federal District, commonly known as Mexico City, serves as the national capital.

Divisions of Mexico[change | change source]

Mapa Mexico 2010.PNG

Federal district[change | change source]

Entity Official Name Flag Area Population (2010)[2] Date of establishment
Ciudad de México Distrito Federal Flag of Mexican Federal District.svg 0 1,485 km2
(573.4 sq mi)
08,720,916 181912141824-11-18[3]

States[change | change source]

States of Mexico
State Official Name

Estado Libre y Soberano de:

Flag Capital Largest city Area[4] Population (2010)[2] Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Flag of Aguascalientes.svg Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 0056185,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi) 011849961,184,996 24&&&&&&&&&&&&&024.&&&&&024 181912141857-02-05[5]
Baja California Baja California Flag of Baja California.svg Mexicali Tijuana 07144671,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi) 031550703,155,070 29&&&&&&&&&&&&&029.&&&&&029 181912141952-01-16[6]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur Flag of Baja California Sur.svg La Paz La Paz 07392273,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi) 00637026637,026 31&&&&&&&&&&&&&031.&&&&&031 181912141974-10-08[7]
Campeche Campeche Flag of Campeche.svg San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 05792457,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi) 00822441822,441 25&&&&&&&&&&&&&025.&&&&&025 181912141863-04-29[8]
Chiapas Chiapas Flag of Chiapas.svg Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 07328973,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi) 047965804,796,580 19&&&&&&&&&&&&&019.&&&&&019 181912141824-09-14[9]
Chihuahua Chihuahua Flag of Chihuahua.svg Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247455247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi) 034064653,406,465 18&&&&&&&&&&&&&018.&&&&&018 181912141824-07-06[9]
Coahuila1 4 Coahuila de Zaragoza Flag of Coahuila.svg Saltillo Torreón 151563151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi) 027483912,748,391 16&&&&&&&&&&&&&016.&&&&&016 181912141824-05-07[9]
Colima Colima Flag of Colima.svg Colima Manzanillo 0056255,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi) 00650,555 650,555 23&&&&&&&&&&&&&023.&&&&&023 1856120909-12-1856[10][11]
Durango Durango Flag of Durango.svg Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123451123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi) 016329341,632,934 17&&&&&&&&&&&&&017.&&&&&017 181912141824-05-22[9]
Guanajuato Guanajuato Flag of Guanajuato.png Guanajuato León 03060830,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi) 054863725,486,372 02&&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 181912141823-12-20[9]
Guerrero Guerrero Flag of Guerrero.svg Chilpancingo
de los Bravo
Acapulco de Juárez 06362163,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi) 033887683,388,768 21&&&&&&&&&&&&&021.&&&&&021 181912141849-10-27[12]
Hidalgo Hidalgo Flag of Hidalgo.svg Pachuca de Soto Pachuca de Soto 02084620,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi) 026650182,665,018 26&&&&&&&&&&&&&026.&&&&&026 181912141869-01-16[13]
Jalisco Jalisco Flag of Jalisco.svg Guadalajara Guadalajara 07859978,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi) 073506827,350,682 09&&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.&&&&&09 181912141823-12-23[9]
México México Flag of Mexico (state).png Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 02235722,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi) 1517586215,175,862 01&&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 181912141823-12-20[9]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo Flag of Michoacan.svg Morelia Morelia 05864358,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi) 043510374,351,037 05&&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.&&&&&05 181912141823-12-22[9]
Morelos Morelos Flag of Morelos.svg Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 0048934,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi) 017772271,777,227 27&&&&&&&&&&&&&027.&&&&&027 181912141869-04-17[14]
Nayarit Nayarit Flag of Nayarit.svg Tepic Tepic 02781527,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi) 010849791,084,979 28&&&&&&&&&&&&&028.&&&&&028 181912141917-01-26[15]
Nuevo León4 Nuevo León Flag of Nuevo Leon.svg Monterrey Monterrey 06422064,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi) 046534584,653,458 15&&&&&&&&&&&&&015.&&&&&015 181912141824-05-07[9]
Oaxaca Oaxaca Flag of Oaxaca.svg Oaxaca de Juárez Oaxaca de Juárez 09379393,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi) 038019623,801,962 03&&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 181912141823-12-21[9]
Puebla Puebla Flag of Puebla.svg Puebla de Zaragoza Puebla de Zaragoza 03429034,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi) 057798295,779,829 04&&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.&&&&&04 181912141823-12-21[9]
Querétaro Querétaro Flag of Queretaro.svg Santiago de Querétaro Santiago de Querétaro 01168411,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi) 018279371,827,937 11&&&&&&&&&&&&&011.&&&&&011 181912141823-12-23[9]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo Flag of Quintana Roo.svg Chetumal Cancún 04236142,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi) 013255781,325,578 30&&&&&&&&&&&&&030.&&&&&030 181912141974-10-08[16]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Flag of San Luis Potosi.svg San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 06098360,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi) 025855182,585,518 06&&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.&&&&&06 181912141823-12-22[9]
Sinaloa Sinaloa Flag of Sinaloa.svg Culiacán Rosales Culiacán Rosales 05737757,377 km2 (22,153 sq mi) 027677612,767,761 20&&&&&&&&&&&&&020.&&&&&020 181912141830-10-14[17]
Sonora2 Sonora Flag of Sonora.svg Hermosillo Hermosillo 179503179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi) 026624802,662,480 12&&&&&&&&&&&&&012.&&&&&012 181912141824-01-10[9]
Tabasco5 Tabasco Flag of Tabasco.svg Villahermosa Villahermosa 02473824,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi) 022386032,238,603 13&&&&&&&&&&&&&013.&&&&&013 181912141824-02-07[9]
Tamaulipas4 Tamaulipas Flag of Tamaulipas.svg Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 08017580,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi) 032685543,268,554 14&&&&&&&&&&&&&014.&&&&&014 181912141824-02-07[9]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala Flag of Tlaxcala.svg Tlaxcala de Xicoténcatl Vicente Guerrero 0039913,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi) 011699361,169,936 22&&&&&&&&&&&&&022.&&&&&022 181912141856-12-09[18]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
Flag of Veracruz.svg Xalapa-Enríquez Veracruz 07182071,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi) 076431947,643,194 07&&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.&&&&&07 181912141823-12-22[9]
Yucatán3 Yucatán Flag of Yucatan.svg Mérida Mérida 03961239,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi) 019555771,955,577 08&&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.&&&&&08 181912141823-12-23[9]
Zacatecas Zacatecas Flag of Zacatecas.svg Zacatecas Zacatecas 07553975,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi) 014906681,490,668 10&&&&&&&&&&&&&010.&&&&&010 181912141823-12-23[9]

Notes:

  1. Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Texas.
  2. Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  3. Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán[19] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatan, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitely rejoined in 1848.
  4. States of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces.[20]
  5. State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions, the first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842. And the second time was from November 9, 1846 to December 8 of that year.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States". Supreme Court of Mexico. p. 113. http://www.scjn.gob.mx/SiteCollectionDocuments/PortalSCJN/RecJur/BibliotecaDigitalSCJN/PublicacionesSupremaCorte/Political_constitucion_of_the_united_Mexican_states_2008.pdf. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Censo 2010
  3. "Conmemora la Secretaría de Cultura el 185 Aniversario del Decreto de Creación del Distrito Federal". http://www.cultura.df.gob.mx/index.php/sala-de-prensa/boletines/2536-601-09-.
  4. "INEGI". http://cuentame.inegi.gob.mx/monografias/default.aspx?tema=me.
  5. "Calendario de Eventos Cívicos - Febrero". http://www.yucatan.gob.mx/servicios/c_civico/fechas.jsp?mes=2.
  6. "Transformación Política de Territorio Norte de la Baja California a Estado 29". http://www.bajacalifornia.gob.mx/portal/nuestro_estado/historia/transformacion.jsp.
  7. "Secretaria de Educación Publica". http://www2.sepdf.gob.mx/efemerides/consulta_efemerides.jsp?dia=8&mes=10.
  8. "Secretaria de Educación Publica". http://www2.sepdf.gob.mx/efemerides/consulta_efemerides.jsp?dia=29&mes=4.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (in Spanish). p. 15. http://biblio.juridicas.unam.mx/libros/6/2920/11.pdf.
  10. "Portal Ciudadano de Baja California". http://www.bajacalifornia.gob.mx/portal/nuestro_estado/historia/efemerides/en-diciembre.jsp.
  11. "Universidad de Colima". http://elcomentario.ucol.mx/Noticia.php?id=1260333428.
  12. "Erección del Estado de Guerrero". http://www.guerrero.gob.mx/?P=readart&ArtOrder=ReadArt&Article=2177.
  13. "Congreso del Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo". http://www.congreso-hidalgo.gob.mx/index.php?historia-de-las-divisiones-territoriales-de-los-municipios-del-estado-de-hidalgo-1.
  14. "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". http://www.inafed.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/morelos/gobi.htm.
  15. "Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". http://www.tlaxcala.gob.mx/tlaxcala/enero-febrero.html.
  16. "Gobierno del Estado de Quintana Roo". http://www.qroo.gob.mx/qroo/Estado/Historia.php.
  17. "500 años de México en documentos". http://www.biblioteca.tv/artman2/publish/1830_135/Ley_Reglas_para_la_divisi_n_del_Estado_de_Sonora_y_Sinaloa.shtml.
  18. "Portal Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". http://www.tlaxcala.gob.mx/tlaxcala/nov-dic.html.
  19. "La historia de la República de Yucatán". http://www.sobrino.net/Dzidzantun/la_historia_de_la_rep_yuc.htm.
  20. "República de Río Grande, el País que no pudo ser." (in Spanish). http://www.ambosmedios.com/releases/2005/12/prweb321680.htm.
  • Political Constitution of the United Mexican States; articles 2, and 42 through 48
  • Law of Linguistic Rights or "Ley de los Derechos Lingüísticos" approved in 2001.juihu b