Pope Benedict XIV

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Benedict XIV
Papacy began 17 August 1740
Papacy ended 3 May 1758
Predecessor Pope Clement XII
Successor Pope Clement XIII
Personal details
Birth name Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini
Born 31 March 1675(1675-03-31)
Bologna
Died 3 May 1758(1758-05-03) (aged 83)
Rome

Other Popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict XIV (Latin: Benedictus Quartus Decimus; 31 March 1675 – 3 May 1758), born Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 248th Pope from 1740 until his death in 1758.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

Lambertini was born in Bologna.[2]

Bishop[change | change source]

In 1725, Lambertini was made Bishop of Theodosia. He became the Bishop of Ancona in 1727. He was made Bishop of Bologna in 1731.[2]

Cardinal[change | change source]

lambertini was raised to the rank of cardinal in 1728.[2]

Pope[change | change source]

He was elected Pope in 1740;[2] and he chose to be called Benedict XIV.[3]

Benedict confirms the title of King of Prussia, which was taken in 1701 by the Elector of Brandenburg.[2]

The pope remained neutral in the War of the Spanish Succession.[4]

Benedict ordered the construction of the Fountains of Trevi.[4]

During Benedict's reign, the creation of a Vatican Library catalogue was begun.[2]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The Coat of Arms of Benedict XIV
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Pope Benedict XIV," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  3. Note on ordinal numbering: Popes Benedict XI–XVI are really the 10th–15th popes with that name. This is because Benedict X is now parsed as an antipope; but during the reign of Benedict XI, this was not recognized. The "true" or actual thirteenth pope Benedict identified himself with the ordinal number XIV. In other words, the numbering of popes after the 10th Benedict needs to be explained -- compare Popes Boniface VIII–IX.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1833). "Benedict XIV," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 4, p. 215.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Benedictus XIV at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Clement XII
Pope
1740–1758
Succeeded by
Clement XIII