Pope Benedict XV

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Pope Benedict XV
Papacy began 3 September 1914
Papacy ended 22 January 1922
Predecessor Pope Pius X
Successor Pope Pius XI
Personal details
Birth name Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa
Born 21 November 1854(1854-11-21)
Pegli, Piemont-Sardinia
Died 22 January 1922(1922-01-22) (aged 67)
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
Motto

In Te Domine Speravi, Non Confundar In Aeternum

(In Thee O Lord, I have hoped, not to be ashamed forever)

Other Popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus PP. XV; Italian: Benedetto XV, 21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 259th Pope from 1914 until his death in 1922.[1]

His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I.[2]

Priest[change | change source]

Della Chiesa was ordained a priest on 21 December 1878.

Bishop[change | change source]

Pope Pius X made Della Chiesa Bishop of Bologna in 1907.

Cardinal[change | change source]

On 25 May 1914, Della Chiesa was created a cardinal.

Pope[change | change source]

Cardinal Della Chiesa was elected pope in 1914; and he chose to be called Benedict XV.[3]

Joan of Arc was canonized by Benedict.[4]

In 1918, Pope Benedict was excluded from the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, despite his entreaties to be made part of the talks.[4]

Benedict XV helped develop a Code of Canon Law.[4]

Benedict XV was the fourth Pope since the Kingdom of Italy took possession of Rome.[5]

Death and legacy[change | change source]

Benedict XV fell ill with pneumonia (influenza) in early January 1922.[4] He died on 22 January 1922.[6] The Italian Government lowered its flags to half-mast; and Benedict XV was the first pope to be honored in this way.[5]

In 2005, Pope Benedict XVI explained why he chose the name Benedict:

"... I remember Pope Benedict XV, that courageous prophet of peace, who guided the Church through turbulent times of war. In his footsteps I place my ministry in the service of reconciliation and harmony between peoples."

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The Coat of Arms of Benedict XV
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  2. "Pope Benedict XV," New Catholic Dictionary (1910); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  3. Note on ordinal numbering: Popes Benedict XI–XVI are really the 10th–15th popes with that name. This is because Benedict X is now parsed as an antipope; but during the reign of Benedict XI, this was not recognized. The "true" or actual fourteenth pope Benedict identified himself with the ordinal number XV. In other words, the numbering of popes after the 10th Benedict needs to be explained -- compare Popes Boniface VIII–IX.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Williams, Timothy. "Last Pope Benedict Focused on Ending World War I," New York Times. April 19, 2005; retrieved 2011-11-9.
  5. 5.0 5.1 McCormick, Anne O'Hare. "The Old Pope and Papal Prestige," New York Times. February 12, 1922; rtrieved 2011-11-9.
  6. "Body of Pope Benedict XV Lies in State," New York Times. January 23, 1922; retrieved 2011-11-8.

More reading[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Benedictus XV at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Pius X
Pope
1914–1922
Succeeded by
Pius XI