Pope Pius XII

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Pius XII
Papacy began March 2, 1939
Papacy ended October 9, 1958
Predecessor Pope Pius XI
Successor Pope John XXIII
Personal details
Birth name Eugenio Maria Guiseppe Giovanni Pacelli
Born March 2, 1876(1876-03-02)
Rome, Italy
Died October 9, 1958(1958-10-09) (aged 82)
Castel Gandolfo, Italy
Motto Opus Justitiae Pax (The work of justice shall be peace)

Other Popes named Pius

Pope Pius XII (Latin: Pius PP. XII; Italian: Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876October 9, 1958), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 261st Pope from 1939 to 1958.[1]

Early life[change | edit source]

Pacelli was born on 2 March 1876 in Rome, Italy. He studied at the Capranica Seminary and the Pontifical Gregorian University. In 1895, he earned a degree in Theology.[2]

Priest[change | edit source]

Pacelli was ordained as a priest on 2 April 1899. In 1904, he was raised to the rank of Monsignor. He worked at the Office of the Congregation of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.[2]

Bishop[change | edit source]

In 1917, Pope Benedict XV appointed him an archbishop and nuncio to Bavaria, Germany.[2]

Cardinal[change | edit source]

Pope Pius XI raised Pacelli to the rank of Cardinal in December 1929.[3]

In February 1930, Cardinal Pacelli became the Vatican Secretary of State.[3]

Pope[change | edit source]

Cardinal Pacelli was elected Pope on 2 March 1939,[2] which was his 63th birthday.

Pius XII wrote forty-one official papal letters (encylicals).

Pius XII named forty-two new cardinals.

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

The Coat of Arms of Pius XII
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Pope Pius XII", Embryo Project (2010); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Cardinal Pacelli Papal Secretary," New York Times. February 11, 1930; retrieved 2011-11-9.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Pius XII at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Pius XI
Pope
1939–1958
Succeeded by
John XXIII