President of Turkey

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This is a complete list of Presidents of Turkey. The list includes all eleven heads of state that lead the country after the Turkish War of Independence. For a list of rulers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see the Ottoman Dynasty.

Presidents of the Republic of Turkey (1923-Present)[change | change source]

# Name
(Born–Died)
Picture Took Office Left Office Background
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk[1]
(1881–1938)
MustafaKemalAtaturk crop.jpg 29 October 1923 10 November 1938
(Died in office)
Republican People's Party[2]
2 İsmet İnönü[3]
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 11 November 1938 22 May 1950 Republican People's Party
3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
Celal bayar.jpg 22 May 1950 27 May 1960
(Deposed)
Democratic Party
4 Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
Cemal Gürsel.jpg 27 May 1960 28 March 1966
(Deposed by the TBMM)
Military
5 Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
28 March 1966 28 March 1973 Military
6 Fahri Korutürk
(1903–1987)
FahriKoruturk.jpg 6 April 1973 6 April 1980 Senate [4]
7 Kenan Evren
(1917– )
9 November 1982 9 November 1989 Military
8 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
Turgut Özal cropped.jpg 9 November 1989 17 April 1993
(Died in office)
Motherland Party
9 Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 16 May 1993 16 May 2000 True Path Party
10 Ahmet Necdet Sezer
(1941– )
Ahmet Necdet Sezer.jpg 16 May 2000 28 August 2007 Judiciary
11 Abdullah Gül
(1950– )
Abdullah Gül 2005Feb06.jpg 28 August 2007 Incumbent Justice and Development Party

Acting Presidents[change | change source]

Footnotes[change | change source]

  1. Served four terms. Elected unanimously by parliament in 1923, 1927, 1931 and 1935.
  2. Up to 1924 the name of the party was People's Party
  3. Served four terms. Elected by parliament in 1938, 1939, 1943 and 1946.
  4. Korutürk retired from Turkish Navy in 1960 and became a senator in 1968.

References[change | change source]