Project Athena was a joint project of MIT, Digital Equipment Corporation, and IBM. It was launched in 1983, and research and development continued until June 30, 1991, eight years after it began. It is widely believed that the goals were to create a computing environment that would utilize up to 1,000 workstations but in fact, the goal was to improve the quality of education delivered by the Institute.
- Treese, G. Winfield, Berkeley UNIX on 1000 Workstations: Athena Changes to 4.3 BSD USENIX Association, February 1988.
- Arfman, J. M.; Roden, Peter. Project Athena: Supporting distributed computing at MIT IBM Systems Journal Volume 31, Number 3, 1992.
- Champine, George (1991). MIT Project Athena: A Model for Distributed Campus Computing, Digital Press, ISBN 1-55558-072-6.
- Avril, C. R.; Orcutt, Ron L. Athena: MIT's Once and Future Distributed Computing Project, Information Technology Quarterly (Fall 1990).
- Athena at MIT (mit.edu)