Provinces of Iran

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Iran is divided into 30 provinces (Persian: استان ostān, plural استان‌ها ostānhā). Each is ruled from a local center. These local centers can usually be found in the biggest local city, called the capital (Persian: مرکز markaz) of that province.

Information[change | edit source]

The following is a table with information on the provinces of Iran:

Province Capital Area(km²)[1] Population[2] Density
(people/km²)
Shahrestans
Ardabil[3] Ardabil 17,800 1,257,624 70.7 9
Azarbaijan, East Tabriz 45,650 3,500,183 76.7 19
Azarbaijan, West Urmia[4] 37,437 2,949,426 78.8 14
Bushehr[5] Bushehr 22,743 816,115 35.9 9
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari[6] Shahrekord 16,332 842,002 51.6 6
Fars Shiraz 122,608 4,385,869 35.8 23
Guilan Rasht 14,042 2,410,523 171.7 16
Golestan[7] Gorgan 20,195 1,637,063 81.1 11
Hamadan[8] Hamadan 19,368 1,738,772 89.8 8
Hormozgan[9][10] Bandar Abbas 70,669 1,314,667 18.6 11
Ilam[8] Ilam 20,133 545,093 27.1 7
Isfahan[11] Isfahan 107,029 4,454,595 41.6 21
Kerman Kerman 180,836 2,432,927 13.5 14
Kermanshah[12] Kermanshah[12] 24,998 1,938,060 77.5 13
Khorasan, North[13] Bojnourd 28,434 786,918 27.7 6
Khorasan, Razavi[13] Mashhad 144,681 5,202,770 36.0 19
Khorasan, South[13] Birjand 69,555 510,218 7.3 4
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 4,345,607 67.8 18
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad[14][15] Yasuj 15,504 695,099 44.8 5
Kurdistan[16] Sanandaj 29,137 1,574,118 54.0 9
Lorestan[14] Khorramabad 28,294 1,758,628 62.2 9
Markazi[17][11] Arak 29,130 1,361,394 46.7 10
Mazandaran Sari 23,701 2,818,831 118.9 15
Qazvin[18] Qazvin 15,549 1,166,861 75.0 5
Qom[19] Qom 11,526 1,064,456 92.4 1
Semnan[17][11] Semnan 97,491 589,512 6.0 4
Sistan and Baluchistan[20] Zahedan 181,785 2,290,076 12.6 8
Tehran[21] Tehran 18,814 12,150,742 645.8 13
Yazd[6][22] Yazd 129,285 958,318 7.4 10
Zanjan[16][11] Zanjan 21,773 970,946 44.6 7
Iran Tehran 1,628,554 68,467,413 42.0 324

References[change | edit source]

  1. Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)"". http://www.sci.org.ir/Englishold/SEL/F1/S1_4S.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-30.
  2. Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""Population estimation by urban and rural areas, 2005"". http://www.sci.org.ir/Englishold/SEL/j-shvro-84.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-30.
  3. Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azarbaijan province.
  4. Until 1979, the city was known as Rezaiyeh.
  5. Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).
  6. 6.0 6.1 Originally part of Isfahan province.
  7. On 1997-05-31, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Originally part of Kermanshah province.
  9. Originally part of Kerman province. Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).
  10. Hormozgan includes several islands such as Qeshm, Lavan, Kish and Hormoz as well as Abu Musa island which is jointly administered by Iran and the United Arab Emirates.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Between 1979 and 1995 Kermanshah province and its capital, were both known as Bakhtaran.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 On 2004-09-29, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Originally part of Khuzestan province.
  15. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Originally part of Gilan province.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Originally part of Mazandaran province.
  18. On 1996-12-31, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.
  19. Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.
  20. Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.
  21. Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province.
  22. In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.

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