Prunus japonica

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Prunus japonica
Korean cherry (Prunus japonica)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Species: P. japonica
Binomial name
Prunus japonica
Thunb.
A blossom

Prunus japonica (also Cerasus japonica) is a shrub in the genus Prunus. It is also called Korean cherry, Flowering almond or Oriental bush cherry. It is used for ornamental use. Its range goes from Central China through to the Korean peninsula. P. maximowiczii, the Miyama cherry is also often called Korean cherry.

Description[change | change source]

The shrub reaches 1.5 m by 1.5 m. Its flowers are hermaphrodite. They are pollinated by insects. The plant blossoms in May. Its fruit reaches about 14 mm. It is used in making pies.

Every fruit has one seed. The plant usually grows from seed.

Other uses[change | change source]

The leaves of this plant procure a green dye, while the fruit procures a greenish to grayish dye.

Varieties[change | change source]

There are several varieties:

  • P. japonica eujaponica
  • P. japonica gracillima
  • P. kerii
  • P. japonica nakaii, originated from Manchuria, which gives bigger plums (up to 50 mm in diameter).

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Prunus japonica at Wikimedia Commons