Purple

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This box shows the color purple.
 

Purple is a colour that combines blue and red.

The first written use of purple as a color name in English was in 975.[1]

Meaning of purple[change | change source]

  • Purple is used to represent royalty. It is a sign of power, nobility, luxury, and ambition. It shows wealth and extravagance. It is thought as a royal color because in Roman times, there was only one way to make the color purple, which the Romans called purpura.
    They used one or two species sea snails of the Murex family, which produced the dye in a gland. These shellfish came from the Mediterranean Sea.[2] Each snail produced only tiny amounts, so not much of it was made, and it was very expensive. Therefore purple was only worn by the rich and famous. Naturally, the richest and most famous people in the country were the king and queen, so they were able to wear the most purple.[3]
  • Dark purple may create sad feelings. It can cause frustration.

Tones of purple color comparison chart[change | change source]

  • Lavender Mist (web color Lavender) (Hex: #E6E6FA) (RGB: 230, 230, 250)
  • Pale Lilac (Hex: #DCD0FF) (RGB: 220, 208, 255)
  • Mauve (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #E0B0FF) (RGB: 224, 176, 255)
  • Thistle (web color) (Hex: #D8BFD8) (RGB: 216, 191, 216)
  • Lilac (Hex: #CAA2C8) (RGB: 200, 162, 200)
  • Light Orchid (Crayola Orchid) (Hex: #E29CD2) (RGB: 226, 156, 210)
  • Pale Plum (web color Plum) (Medium Lavender Magenta) (Hex: #DDA0DD) (RGB: 221, 160, 221)
  • Lavender Magenta (web color "violet") (Hex: #EE82EE) (RGB: 238, 130, 238)
  • Orchid (web color) (Hex: #DA70D6) (RGB: 218, 112, 240) (CMYK: 0,49,2,15)
  • Heliotrope (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #DF73FF) (RGB: 223, 115, 255)
  • Light Veronica (Xona.com color list "[X11] Purple Light") (Hex:D46FF9) (RGB: 212,111, 249)
  • Psychedelic Purple (Phlox (Maerz & Paul)) (Hex: #DF00FF) (RGB: 223, 0, 255)
  • Vivid Orchid (Orchid (Crayola colored pencils) (Hex: #CC00FF) (RGB: 204, 0, 255)
  • Neon Purple (Hex: #BC13FE) (RGB: 188, 19, 254)
  • Hot Purple (Hex: #CB00F5) (RGB: 203, 0, 245)
  • Electric Purple (True Purple) (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #BF00FF) (RGB: 191, 0, 255)
  • Pontiff (Pontiff Purple) (Hex: #AF00FF) (RGB: 175, 0, 255)
  • Paars (Dutch Purple) (Hex: #AA00FF) (RGB: 170, 0, 255)
  • Veronica (Maerz & Paul) (X11 web color Purple) (Hex: #A020F0) (RGB: 160, 92, 240)
  • Purple (Munsell) (Munsell 5P) (Hex: #9F00C5) (RGB: 159, 0, 197)
  • Dark Orchid (web color) (Hex: #9932CC) (RGB: 153, 50, 204)
  • Deep Purple (Hex: #8B00CC) (RGB: 139, 0, 204)
  • Deep Indigo (web color Blue-Violet) (Hex: #8A2BE2) (RGB: 138, 43, 226)
  • Lavender Indigo (Hex: #9457EB) (RGB: 148, 87, 235)
  • Vanda (Hex: #9842E3) (RGB: 152, 66, 227)
  • Internet Purple (color of "all purple website" www.purple.com) (Hex: #7D26CD) (RGB: 125, 38, 205)
  • Royal Purple (Crayola) (Hex: #7851A9) (RGB: 120, 91, 169)
  • Purple Heart (Crayola) (Hex: #652DC1) (RGB: 101, 45, 93)
  • Prince Fan Purple (lettering on Prince fan website Prince.org) (Hex: #6600B7) (RGB: 102, 0, 187)
  • Generic Purple (www.web-site-tools.com/s/660099.htm) (Hex: #660099) (RGB: 102, 0, 153)
  • Purple Reign (Pantone TPX 19-3620) (Hex: 54446C) (RGB: 84, 68, 108)
  • Purple Rain (color of lettering on Prince's album Purple Rain) (Hex: #4B308D) (RGB: 75, 48, 141)
  • Vulgar Purple (Grape Jelly) (Hex: #3E2F84) (RGB: 62, 47, 132)
  • Pigment Indigo (web color Indigo) (Hex: #4B0082) (RGB: 75, 0, 130)
  • Dark Indigo (Hex: #310062) (RGB: 49, 0, 98)
  • Persian Indigo (Regimental (Maerz & Paul)) (Hex: #32127A) (RGB: 50, 18, 122)
  • Ultramarine (pigment) (Hex: #120A8F) (RGB: 18, 10, 143)
  • Persian Blue (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #1C39BB) (RGB: 28, 57, 187)
  • Electric Ultramarine (Ultramarine (Maerz & Paul)) (Hex: #3F00FF) (RGB: 63, 0, 255)
  • Han Purple (Hex: #5218FA) (RGB: 82, 24, 250)
  • Westminster (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #5F00FF) (RGB: 95, 0, 255)
  • Indigo (Electric Indigo) (Hex: #6600FF) (RGB: 102, 0, 255)
  • Pansy (Heartsease) (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #7700FF) (RGB: 119, 0, 255)
  • Violet (Electric Violet) (Hex: #8B00FF) (RGB: 139, 0, 255)
  • Pigment Violet (web color Dark Violet) (Hex: #9400D3) (RGB: 148, 0, 211)
  • Lavender (Floral Lavender) (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #B57EDC) (RGB: 181,126,220)
  • Purple Mountain Majesty (Crayola) (Lavender Purple) (Hex: #9678B6) (RGB: 150, 120, 182)
  • Violet Purple (Crayola) (Hex: #926EAE) (RGB: 146, 110, 174)
  • Purple Yam (Ube) (Hex: #8878C3) (RGB: 136, 120, 195)
  • French Lavender (Lavender (Pourpre.com) (Hex: #9683EC) (RGB: 150, 131, 236)
  • Medium Purple (web color) (Deep Lavender) (Hex: #9370DB) (RGB: 147, 112, 219)
  • Amethyst (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #9966CC) (RGB: 153, 102, 204)
  • Deep Lilac (German Lilac) (Hex: #9955BB) (RGB: 153, 85, 187)
  • Purpureus (Purpura) (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #9A4EAE) (RGB: 154, 78, 174)
  • Chinese Purple (Hex: #A757AB) (RGB: 167, 87, 171)
  • Violet Eggplant (Chinese Eggplant) (Hex: #991199) (RGB: 153, 17, 153)
  • Striking Purple (Pantone TPX 18-3025) (Hex: #98508E) (RGB: 152, 80, 142)
  • Purple Orchid (Pantone TPX 18-3027) (Hex: #AE4F93) (RGB: 174, 79, 107)
  • Purple (Pantone) (Hex: #B634BB) (RGB: 182, 52, 187)
  • Medium Orchid (web color) (Hex: #BA55D3) (RGB: 183, 85, 211)
  • Deep Fuchsia (Fuchsia (Crayola)) (Hex: #C154C1) (RGB: 193, 84, 193)
  • Steel Pink (Crayola Ultra colored pencils) (Hex: #CC33CC) (RGB: 204, 51, 204)
  • Rich Mauve (French Mauve) (Mauve (Pourpre.com)) (Hex: #473D4) (RGB: 212, 115, 212)
  • Opera Mauve (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #CA82AF) (RGB: 202, 130, 175)
  • Mauve Taupe (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #AF868E) (RGB: 175, 134, 142)
  • Medium Vanda (Vanda (ISCC-NBS)) (Lavender Brown) (Hex: #AA8A9E) (RGB: 170, 138, 158)
  • Pale Red-Violet (web color Pale Violet Red) (Hex: #DB7093) (RGB: 219, 112, 147)
  • Fandango Pink (Pantone TPX 17-2033) (Hex: #DE5285) (RGB: 222, 82, 133)
  • Cabaret (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #D94972) (RGB: 217, 73, 114)
  • Fuchsia Purple (Pantone TPX 18-2436) (Hex: #CC397B) (RGB: 204, 57, 123)
  • Royal Fuchsia (Hex: #CA2C92) (RGB: 202, 44, 146)
  • Byzantine (Maerz & Paul) (Hex:BD33A4) (RGB: 189, 51, 164)
  • Fandango (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #B53389) (RGB: 181, 51, 137)
  • Medium Red-Violet (Red-Violet (Crayola)) (Hex: #BB3385) (RGB: 187, 51, 133)
  • Red-Violet (web color Medium Violet Red) (Hex: #C71585) (RGB: 199, 21, 133)
  • Mulberry (Crayola) (Hex: #C54B8C) (RGB: 197, 75, 140)
  • Hibiscus (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #B6316C) (RGB: 182, 49, 108)
  • Tyrian Red (Porpora (Fantetti & Petracchi[4])) (Hex: #B21B1C) (RGB: 178, 27, 28)
  • Bright Tyrian Purple (Pourpre (Pourpre.com [Pre-2010])) (Hex: #B80049) (RGB: 184, 0, 73)
  • Rich Tyrian Purple (Pourpre (Pourpre.com)) (Hex: #9E0E40) (RGB: 158, 14, 64)
  • Medium Tyrian Purple (Tyrian Purple (American Azalea Society))(Hex: #990024) (RGB: 97, 64, 81)
  • Amaranth Purple (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #AB274F) (RGB: 171, 39, 79)
  • Night Shadz (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #AA375A) (RGB: 170, 55, 90)
  • Jazzberry Jam (Crayola) (Hex: #A50B5E) (RGB: 165, 11, 94)
  • Royal Heath (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #AB3472) (RGB: 171, 52, 114)
  • Fuchsia Red (Pantone TPX 18-2328) (Hex: #B33A7F) (RGB: 179, 58, 127)
  • Violine (Wallflower) (Hex: #A10684) (RGB: 161, 6, 132)
  • Traffic Purple (RAL 4006) (Hex: #A03472) (RGB: 160, 52, 114)
  • Amaranth Deep Purple (Amaranth (Maerz & Paul)) (Hex: #9F2B68) (RGB: 159, 43, 104)
  • Red-Violet Eggplant (Hex: #990066) (RGB: 153, 0, 102)
  • Medium Mauve (Vietnamese Mauve) (Hex: #993366) (RGB: 153, 51, 102)
  • Disco (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #871550) (RGB: 135, 21, 80)
  • Boysenberry (Pantone TPX 19-2431) (Hex: #873260) (RGB: 135, 50, 96)
  • Purple Wine (Pantone TPX 18-2929) (Hex: #8E3975) (RGB: 143, 57, 117)
  • Plum (Crayola) (Plum (traditional)) (Hex: #843179) (RGB: 132, 49, 121)
  • Mardi Gras (Xona.com color list Mardi Gras Light) (Hex: #880085) (RGB: 136, 0, 137)
  • PURPLE (HTML/CSS web color Purple) (Patriarch (Maerz & Paul)) (Hex: #800080) (RGB: 128, 0, 128)
  • Spanish Purple (Purpura (Gallego & Sanz)) (Hex: #7D2181) (RGB: 125, 33, 129)
  • Byzantium (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #702963) (RGB: 112, 41, 99)
  • Imperial (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: 602F6B) (RGB: 96, 47, 107)
  • Purple Magic (Pantone TPX 19-3540) (Hex: #693B71) (RGB: 105, 59, 113)
  • Purple Passion (Pantone TPX 19-3223) (Hex: #682860) (RGB: 104, 40, 96)
  • Palatinate Purple (Hex: #682860) (RGB: 104, 40, 96)
  • Tokyo Purple (Japanese Imperial Purple) (Hex: #5A004A) (RGB: 90, 0, 74)
  • Halaya Ube (Purple Yam Jam) (Hex: #663854) (RGB: 102, 56, 84)
  • Pansy Purple (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #78184A) (RGB: 120, 24, 74)
  • Nightclub (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #660045) (RGB: 102, 0, 69)
  • Tyrian Purple (www.99colors.net) (Imperial Purple) (Hex: #66023C) (RGB: 102, 2, 60)
  • Cosmic (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #763950) (RGB: 118, 57, 93)
  • Persian Plum (Xona.com color list) (Prune) (Hex: #701C1C) (RGB: 112, 28, 28)
  • Old Mauve (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #673147) (RGB: 103, 49, 71)
  • Eggplant (Crayola) (Aubergine) (Hex: #664051) (RGB: 97, 64, 81)
  • Dark Byzantium (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #5D3954) (RGB: 93, 57, 84)
  • Blackberry (Xona.com color list) (Hex: #4D0135) (RGB: 77, 1, 53)
  • Deep Tyrian Purple (Purpura de Tiro Claro (Gallego & Sanz)) (Hex: #4E0041) (RGB: 78, 0, 65)
  • Japanese Purple (Purple (Japanese traditional colors)) (Hex: #4F284B) (RGB: 79, 40, 75)
  • Purple Taupe (www.99colors.net) (Hex: #50404D) (RGB: 80, 64, 77)
  • Dark Mardi Gras (Xona.com color list Mardi Gras) (Hex350036) (RGB: 53, 0, 54)
  • Dark Tyrian Purple (Purpura de Tiro (Gallego & Sanz)) (Hex: #360029) (RGB: 54, 0, 41)

Tones of Tyrian purple[change | change source]

These Tyrian purple colors, all of which are also shown in the color chart above, show the original purple of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. The color imperial shown below was made by mixing Tyrian purple with indigo dye.

  • Bright Tyrian Purple (Pourpre (Pourpre.com [Pre-2010])) (Hex: #B80049) (RGB: 184, 0, 73)
  • Tyrian Red (Porpora (Fantetti & Petracchi[5])) (Hex: #B21B1C) (RGB: 178, 27, 28)
  • Rich Tyrian Purple (Pourpre (Pourpre.com)) (Hex: #9E0E40) (RGB: 158, 14, 64)
  • Medium Tyrian Purple (Tyrian Purple (American Azalea Society)) (Hex: #990024) (RGB: 97, 64, 81)
  • TYRIAN PURPLE (www.99colors.net) (Imperial Purple) (Hex: #66023C) (RGB: 102, 2, 60)
  • Deep Tyrian Purple (Purpura de Tiro Claro (Gallego & Sanz)) (Hex: #4E0041) (RGB: 78, 0, 65)
  • Dark Tyrian Purple (Purpura de Tiro (Gallego & Sanz)) (Hex: #360029) (RGB: 54, 0, 41)
  • Imperial (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: 602F6B) (RGB: 96, 47, 107)




References[change | change source]

  1. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202
  2. Interscience, Purple Dyes made from Shellfish in Antiquity
  3. Marginal Revolution, Royal Purple
  4. Fantetti, S. & Petracchi, C. Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia Zanichelli 2001 ISBN=8808079953
  5. Fantetti, S. & Petracchi, C. Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia Zanichelli 2001 ISBN=8808079953

Other pages[change | change source]