Querétaro

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State of Querétaro

Flag

Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Coordinates: 20°50′16″N 99°51′05″W / 20.83778°N 99.85139°W / 20.83778; -99.85139Coordinates: 20°50′16″N 99°51′05″W / 20.83778°N 99.85139°W / 20.83778; -99.85139
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Capital Santiago de Querétaro
Municipalities 18
Government
 • Governor Francisco Garrido Patrón (PAN)
 • Federal Deputies PAN: 4
 • Federal Senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
Area
Ranked 27th
 • Total 11,449 km2 (4,420 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 1,598,139 (Ranked 23rd)
 • Density 139.59/km2 (361.5/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.8015 - high
Ranked 12th
ISO 3166-2 MX-QUE
Postal abbr. Qro.

Querétaro is a state of Mexico.

The word Querétaro dates back to pre-Hispanic times. Some of the people who arrived in the area now occupied by the state gave it different names based on its geographic features. The Tarascans of Michoacán called the spot now known as La Cañada, Crettaro or Queréndaro, which means the place of the crags; they probably gave it this name because there is lots of pink stone there. The Otomíes called it Mxei, which means the place where the ballgame is played. It was also called Ndamaxei, which means the great ballcourt; the Aztecs named it Tlaxco, which has the same meaning. Finally, the Chichimecs called this spot Xico, which also means great ballcourt in their language; it received this name because the La Cañada area is shaped like an enormous pre-Hispanic ballcourt.