A race track is special place built for racing. The racing may be for people, animals, or vehicles. Examples of animal racing are horse racing. Examples of vehicle racing are automobiles and motorcycles. A race track may have seats for the spectators to watch the race.
Other name for race tracks are race course, speedway, and circuit.
Design[change | change source]
Modern racetracks are designed with safety as the first priority. This is very important for race tracks used in auto racing. Safety foe the spectator, track workers, and racers. Fences are often used to protect the spectators from the race track. Barriers, sometimes padded, are used to stop race cars if they run off the track.
Most race tracks are a closed loop. The start and finish line is at the same place. Some tracks are open. They start at one point and end at a different location.
Oval[change | change source]
Some race track are in the general form of a circle or oval. Michigan International Speedway is an example of an oval track. The racers always turn in the same direction. In the United States, they normally turn left. NASCAR runs most of its races on oval tracks.
Road course[change | change source]
Some race tracks are called road courses. The racers turn both left and right. Donington Park in England is an example of a road course. Formula One runs most of its races on road courses. These types of tracks are often called circuits, especially in Europe.
Street circuit[change | change source]
Some races tracks are temparary street courses. Regular public roads are temporally closed, and the race couse it set-up using the closed roads. One of the most famous street course is Circuit de Monaco. Every year, the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix is held on this course. These types of tracks are usually called circuits.