|P. c. bengalensis (Kolkata, India)|
The Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) is a species of bird. It belongs in the family Pycnonotidae. It is found in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Burma and southwestern China. It has been introduced to many Pacific islands including Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, and Hawaii. It has also been introduced in parts of Dubai, the United Arab Emirates and New Zealand. It is included among the world's worst introduced species.
- BirdLife International (2009). Pycnonotus cafer. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2008. Retrieved on 03 November 2009.
- Lowe S., Browne M., Boudjelas S., De Poorter M. (2000). 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species:A selection from the Global Invasive Species Database.. The Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). http://www.issg.org/database/species/reference_files/100English.pdf.
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