Rodez

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Rodez

RodezCathedrale1724.jpg
Notre-Dame Cathedral of Rodez
Rodez is located in France
Rodez
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Rodez
Canton Chief town of 3 cantons
Intercommunality Grand Rodez
Mayor Christian Teyssèdre
(2014–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 501–643 m (1,644–2,110 ft)
(avg. 572 m/1,877 ft)
Land area1 11.18 km2 (4.32 sq mi)
Population2 23,744  (2012)
 - Density 2,124 /km2 (5,500 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12202/ 12000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 44°21′02″N 2°34′30″E / 44.3506°N 2.5750°E / 44.3506; 2.5750

Rodez (Occitan: Rodés) is a commune in southwestern France in the department of Aveyron, of which it is its prefecture.

It was the capital of Rouergue, a former French province. Rodez is also the capital of 3 cantons: Rodez-Est, Rodez-Nord and Rodez-Ouest.

History[change | change source]

Existing from at least the 5th century BC, Rodez was founded by Celtic people, the Ruteni. Here they built an oppidum (fortified place) which, after the Roman occupation, was named Segodunum ("Fortified place", "high hill"). The town later was given the name of Civitas Rutenorum ("City of the Ruteni") and then only Ruteni and, finally, Rodez.[1]

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the city was taken by the Visigoths and then by the Franks; in 725, the Moors took the city and destroyed the old church. Later it was occupied by the armies of the Dukes of Aquitaine and of the Counts of Toulouse. English troops occupied Rodez during the Hundred Years War.[1]

With the creation of the Aveyron department in 1790, Rodez became préfecture of the department.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

The commune of Rodez is on the western part of the central plateau (Massif Central) of France. The Aveyron river and the Auterne stream flow through the city.

Rodez has an area of 11.18 km2 (4.32 sq mi) and its average altitude is 572 m (1,877 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 627 m (2,057 ft).[3].

Map of the commune de Rodez

Rodez is surrounded by the communes Onet-le-Château, Sainte-Radegonde, Le Monastère and Olemps.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Rodez, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[4]

Population[change | change source]

With a population in 21012 of 23,744,[5] Rodez has a population density is of 2,124 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Rodez are known, in French, as Ruthénois (women: Ruthénoises).[6]

Sister cities[change | change source]

Rodez is twinned with:[7]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Son Histoire: L'Antiquité" (in French). La Ruthènoise. http://www.amicale-ruthenoise.com/?page_id=57. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  2. "Historique de l'Aveyron" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/12his.html. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  3. "Rodez". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Rodez-12000/. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  4. "La ville de Rodez" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-rodez.html. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  5. "Populations légales 2012 - 12-Aveyron" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=12&annee=2012. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  6. "Rodez (12000)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_rodez_12202.html. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  7. "Les relations internationales" (in French). Ville de Rodez. http://www.ville-rodez.fr/fr/rodez-vie-municipale/relations_internationales/index.php. Retrieved 27 June 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Aveyron department

Other websites[change | change source]