Rosalind Franklin

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Rosalind Franklin
Born 25 July 1920
Notting Hill, London, England
Died 16 April 1958 (aged 37)
Chelsea, London, England
Ovarian cancer
Nationality British
Fields Biophysics
Institutions British Coal Utilisation Research Association
Laboratoire central des services chimiques de l'État
King's College London
Birkbeck College, London
Alma mater Newnham College, Cambridge
Known for Fine structure of coal and graphite, DNA structure, viruses

Rosalind Franklin was a British biophysicist, known for her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA. She also worked on coal, studies of RNA, and viruses. She was one of the first people to do X-ray crystallography on DNA.

Franklin was born into a Jewish family.[1]

Franklin died from ovarian cancer in 1958. Since the Nobel Prize was not awarded after death, that explains why she was not considered for the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. It was awarded to Maurice Wilkins, Francis Crick, and James D. Watson. Nevertheless, Franklin is regarded as one of the most successful female scientists to that date.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Maddox, Brenda (2002). Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-018407-8.