|Born||25 July 1920
Notting Hill, London, England
|Died||16 April 1958 (aged 37)
Chelsea, London, England
|Institutions||British Coal Utilisation Research Association
Laboratoire central des services chimiques de l'État
King's College London
Birkbeck College, London
|Alma mater||Newnham College, Cambridge|
|Known for||Fine structure of coal and graphite, DNA structure, viruses|
Rosalind Franklin was a British biophysicist, known for her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA. She also worked on coal, studies of RNA, and viruses. She was one of the first people to do X-ray crystallography on DNA.
Franklin died from ovarian cancer in 1958. Since the Nobel Prize was not awarded after death, that explains why she was not considered for the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. It was awarded to Maurice Wilkins, Francis Crick, and James D. Watson. Nevertheless, Franklin is regarded as one of the most successful female scientists to that date.