|Other names||Magic Cube|
|Company||Rubiks Brand Ltd|
|Availability||1977 (as Hungarian Magic
Cube); 1980 (as Rubik's
Rubik's Cube is a puzzle cube, and the world's biggest selling toy of all time with over 300,000,000 (300 million) sold. It was invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik. In a classic Rubik's Cube, each of the six faces is covered by nine stickers, each of one of six solid colours: white, red, blue, orange, green, and yellow. In currently sold models, white is opposite yellow, blue is opposite green, and orange is opposite red.
Types Of Cubes[change | change source]
A variety of Rubik's Cubes have been created including the 2x2, 4x4, 5x5, 6x6, 7x7, Megaminx, Pyraminx, Rubik's clock, Mirror Cube, Square 1 etc.
Structure[change | change source]
A Rubik's cube is a cube split into a number of smaller cubes with different colored faces attached to a rotating piece of metal in the middle.The rubiks cube have six sides with 9 little cubes attached to it and each side has one color: red,yellow,blue,orange,white and green is the most common color. The cubes can be rotated and twisted along rows and faces. The aim of the puzzle is to make each face of the cube have the same color. Solving a Rubik's Cube requires logic and thinking. There are many different ways to learn how to solve a Rubik's cube.
Methods[change | change source]
There are many methods that people use to solve a Rubik's cube. Today the most common is called CFOP, also called Fridrich Method, named after the popularizer Jessica Fridrich. In this method first the white cross is solved, then F2L(First 2 Layers) followed by OLL(Orientation of Last Layer) and PLL(Permutation Of Last Layer). Other methods include Petrus, ZZ, Roux, Key hole and others.
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Records[change | change source]
The record for solving a Rubik's cube once is 5.55 seconds by Mats Valk of the Netherlands, at the Zonhoven open 2013 competition. The world record for the average time of five solves, in 6.54 seconds, was set by Feliks Zemdegs at the Melbourne Cube Day 2013 competition.