Runnmede is a water-meadow in Surrey, England, 20 miles (32 km) west of London. The site is owned and managed by The National Trust, and runs alongside the River Thames. It is one of England's most visited tourist sites.
Runnymede is where King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215. Over eight centuries later, the memorial for those of the Allied Air Forces who died in World War II was placed on Runnymede. The British memorial to John F. Kennedy was put there in 1965.
History[change | edit source]
The name Runnymede may be derived from the Anglo-Saxon 'runieg' (regular meeting) and 'mede' (mead or meadow), describing a place in the meadows used to hold regular meetings. The Witan, the Saxon Council, was held from time to time at Runnymede during the reign of Alfred the Great. The Council met usually in the open air. This tradition influenced the creation of England’s parliament in the 13th century.
The Kennedy Memorial[change | edit source]
Visitors reach the memorial by treading a steep path of irregular granite steps, intended to symbolise a pilgrimage. There are 50 steps in total. Each step is different to all others, with the entire flight made from 60,000 hand-cut granite blocks. Landscape architect Geoffrey Jellicoe designed the garden; sculptor Alan Collins designed and carved the stone inscription. The area of ground on which the memorial is situated was given as a gift to the United States of America by the people of Britain. It is maintained by the Kennedy Memorial Trust, which also sponsors educational scholarships for British students to attend university in the United States.
In 1968 the 7-ton stone was damaged by a bomb during a time of anti-Vietnam war demonstrations; it was later repaired by the sculptor.
References[change | edit source]
- Council of the Anglo-Saxon Kings of the 7th to 11th centuries
- Anon. "History of Runnymede". Days out ad visits. The National Trust. http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-runnymede/w-runnymede-history.htm. Retrieved 1st October 2009.
- "Kennedy family coming for Memorial inauguration". The Times (London) (56316): 6. 8 May 1965. "Mr Geoffrey Jellicoe, the architect for the site, said...that the point of the memorial was the landscape rather than any physical monument".
- Collins, Alan. "Collections". Alan Collins Sculptor. Alan Collins. http://www.collinsculptor.com/collect/index.html. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- Anon. "Magna Carta Memorial and John F Kennedy Memorial". egham.co.uk. egham.co.uk. http://www.egham.co.uk/info/jfk.html. Retrieved 1st October 2009.
- Anon (28 October 1968). "Bomb mars JFK memorial". St Petersburgh Times. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=xCIMAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QlwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3862,5379562. Retrieved 23 November 2009.