Rusyn language

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Rusyn
русиньский язык, русиньска бесїда rusyn’skyj jazyk, rusyn’ska besjida
Region Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Czech Republic
Native speakers

Estimated: At least 600,000.[1]
Census population: 70,374. These are numbers from national official bureaus for statistics:

  • Slovakia - 33,482[2]
  • Serbia - 15,626[3]
  • Ukraine - 6,725[4]
  • Poland - 10,000[5]
  • Croatia - 2,337[6]
  • Hungary - 1,113[7]
  • Czech Republic - 777[8]  (date missing)
Language family
Official status
Official language in

Vojvodina[9]


Minority language:
 Croatia
 Poland
 Romania
 Serbia
 Slovakia
Language codes
ISO 639-3 rue
Linguasphere 53-AAA-ec < 53-AAA-e
(varieties: 53-AAA-eca to 53-AAA-ecc)
Official usage of Pannonian Rusyn language in Vojvodina, present-day Serbia

Rusyn (Rusyn: русиньска бесїда or русиньскый язык) is an East Slavic language. It is spoken by the Rusyns of Central Europe. In English, it is also called Ruthene or Ruthenian. Some linguists treat it as a distinct language.[10] Some Ukrainian scholars think it is a dialect of Ukrainian.[11]

Rusyn is spoken in the Transcarpathian Region of Ukraine, in northeastern Slovakia, in Vojvodina, in southeastern Poland, in Hungary and in northern Romania.

In Serbia, Rusyn is an official minority language.[12] Since 1995, Rusyn has been an official minority language in Slovakia. In some Slovakian municipalities, it is an official language.[13]

Rusyn is listed as a protected language by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in Slovakia, Serbia, Croatia and Romania.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr., ed. (2005). "Ethnologue report for language code:rue (Rusyn)". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 978-1-55671-159-6. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rue. Retrieved 2007-04-27.
  2. Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. "Population and Housing Census 2011: Table 11. Resident population by nationality - 2011, 2001, 1991". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. http://portal.statistics.sk/files/tab.11.pdf. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  3. Republic of Serbia, Republic Statistical Office (24 December 2002). "Final results of the census 2002". http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/axd/Zip/eSn31.pdf. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  4. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. "About number and composition population of UKRAINE by data All-Ukrainian population census 2001 data". http://www.ukrcensus.gov.ua/results/nationality_population/nationality_popul2/select_5/?data1=1&box=5.5W&rz=1_1&rz_b=2_1&k_t=00&botton=cens_db. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
  5. "Home". Central Statistical Office of Poland. http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/PUBL_lu_nps2011_wyniki_nsp2011_22032012.pdf. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
  6. "Republic of Croatia - Central Bureau of Statistics". Crostat. http://www.dzs.hr/default_e.htm. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  7. "1.28 Population by mother tongue, nationality and sex, 1900–2001". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 2001. http://www.nepszamlalas2001.hu/eng/volumes/24/tables/load1_8.html. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  8. "Obyvatelstvo podle věku, mateřského jazyka a pohlaví". http://vdb.czso.cz/sldbvo/#!stranka=podle-tematu&tu=30629&th=&v=&vo=H4sIAAAAAAAAAFvzloG1uIhBMCuxLFGvtCQzR88jsTjDN7GAlf3WwcNiCReZGZjcGLhy8hNT3BKTS_KLPBk4SzKKUosz8nNSKgrsHRhAgKecA0gKADF3CQNnaLBrUIBjkKNvcSFDHQMDhhqGCqCiYA__cLCiEgZGvxIGdg9_Fz__EMeCEgY2b38XZ89gIIvLxTHEP8wx2NEFJM4ZHOIY5u_t7-MJ1OIP5IdEBkT5OwU5RgH5IUB9fo4ePq4uEPNYw1yDolzhPstJzEvX88wrSU1PLRJ6tGDJ98Z2CyYGRk8G1rLEnNLUiiIGAYQ6v9LcpNSitjVTZbmnPOhmArq34D8QlDDwAG10C_KFWcoe4ugU6uPtWMLA4eni6hcSEAZ0FYe_k3OQmaGJUwUA4lOtR1sBAAA.&vseuzemi=null&void=. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
  9. "The Statue of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina". Skupstinavojvodine.gov.rs. http://www.skupstinavojvodine.gov.rs/?s=aktAPV001&j=EN. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  10. Bernard Comrie, "Slavic Languages," International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (1992, Oxford, Vol 3, pp. 452-456.
    Ethnologue, 16th edition
  11. George Y. Shevelov, "Ukrainian," The Slavonic Languages (1993, Routledge, pp. 947-998.
  12. "Statute of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina". Skupstinavojvodine.gov.rs. http://www.skupstinavojvodine.gov.rs/?s=aktAPV001&j=EN. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
  13. Slovenskej Republiky, Národná Rada (1999). "Zákon 184/1999 Z. z. o používaní jazykov národnostných menšín" (in Slovak). Zbierka zákonov. http://www.mensiny.vlada.gov.sk/data/files/418.doc. Retrieved 2010-05-18.

Other websites[change | edit source]