In 1609, Japanese forces invaded the Ryūkyū Kingdom. After this, the Ryukyuan kings were forced to pay annual tribute to the Shimazu clan of Satsuma Province and the islands became a province of Japan. At the same time, the kingdom and its rulers remained carefully independent.
The kingdom was replaced by the Ryūkyū Domain which existed from 1872 through 1879.
In 1879, Okinawa Prefecture was established. At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Ryūkyū Province is mentioned in 1894 treaties with the United States and the United Kingdom.
Shrines and Temples [change]
Naminoue Shrine was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of the Ryukyu Islands. In 1890, the shrine was recognized in the system of State Shinto. It is among the ranked, nationally significant shrines or Kanpei-shōsha (官幣小社) which includes five sanctuaries.
Related pages [change]
- See Kerr, George H. (1953). Ryukyu Kingdom and Province before 1945.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ryūkyū Islands," Japan Encyclopedia, p. 801; Fassbender, Bardo et al. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law, p. 483.
- Toby, Ronald P. (1991). State and Diplomacy in Early Modern Japan: Asia and the development of the Tokugawa bakufu, pp. 45-46.
- Smits, Gregory. (1999). Visions of Ryūkyū: Identity and Ideology in Early-Modern Thought and Politics, p. 28.
- Matsumura, Wendy. (2007). Becoming Okinawan: Japanese Capitalism and Changing Representations of Okinawa, p. 38; excerpt, "March 27, 1879 marks the birth of Okinawa Prefecture and the death of the short-lived Ryukyu domain, which itself came into being on September 14, 1872, replacing the Ryukyu kingdom."
- Nussbaum, "Okinawa-ken," pp. 746-747.
- US Department of State. (1906). A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 127.
- List of Kankokuheisha (官国幣社), p. 3; retrieved 2012-8-26.
Other websites [change]