Sánchez Ramírez Province

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Coordinates: 19°03′36″N 70°09′00″W / 19.06°N 70.15°W / 19.06; -70.15
Sánchez Ramírez
Province
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Cotuí
 - elevation 66 m (217 ft)
 - coordinates 19°03′36″N 70°09′00″W / 19.06°N 70.15°W / 19.06; -70.15
Area 1,196.13 km² (462 sq mi)
Population 151,392 (2010) [1]
Density 127 /km² (329 /sq mi)
Province since 1952
Subdivisions 4 municipalities
8 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
3 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-24
Location of the Sánchez Ramírez Province
Location of the Sánchez Ramírez Province

Sánchez Ramírez is a province of the Dominican Republic. It is in the central part of the country. Its capital city is Cotuí.

It was created in 1952. It was a municipality of the Duarte province before being elevated to the category of province.

Location[change | change source]

The Sánchez Ramírez province is in the centre of the country, in the southeast limit of the Cibao Valley (part of the region called Eastern Cibao). It is bordered to the north by the Duarte province, to the east and south by the Monte Plata province, to the southwest by the Monseñor Nouel and La Vega provinces.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province was named after Juan Sánchez Ramírez, who was born in Cotuí and who fought against the French army when the country was a colony of France. When the country was again a Spanish colony, Sánchez Ramírez was the governor of the colony.

History[change | change source]

The territory of the province was part of the La Vega Province from the Dominican independence (in 1844) until 1945 when most of the territory was made part of the Duarte Province.

On 3 March 1952, the province was created with the territory of Cotuí, part at that moment of the Duarte Province, and the southeastern part of La Vega Province. When it was created, it had only two municipalities: Cotuí, the provincial capital, and Cevicos.

Municipalities[change | change source]

The Sánchez Ramírez province has a total area of 1,196.13 km².[2] It has 2.5% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 21st (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

There are four municipalities and eight municipal districts in the province.

The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 151,392 people living in the Sánchez Ramírez province, and 85,207 (56.28%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 127 persons/km².[3]

Its population represents 1.6% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 19th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Cotuí, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 64,133 inhabitants.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

There are two regions in the country. The valley of the River Yuna on the north and the northeast of the province, and the Sierra de Yamasá in the southern part of the province.

The valley of the River Yuna is part of the large region of Eastern Cibao; it is flat and with very good soils.

The Sierra de Yamasá is the eastern mountain range of the Cordillera Central ("Central mountain chain") with low mountains. The highest mountain in the province is in this mountain range; it is La Naviza (sometimes written La Navisa) and it is 680 metres high.[4]

The most important river is the Yuna, that flows from west to east; the other rivers are all tributaries of this river. Other rivers are Cevicos, Chacuey and Maguaca; they flow from the Sierra de Yamasá into the River Yuna.

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activities in the province are farming and mining. Close to the town of Las Lagunas, in the Sierra de Yamasá, are the gold mines.

The main products of farming in the Sierra de Yamasá are cacao, oranges and tobacco. In the Yuna valley, rice is the most important product but pineapple and orange are also produced.

Cattle are also important in the province, mainly in the northwestern part of it.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. pp. 90-92.