Saar River

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Coordinates: 49°42′5″N 6°34′11″E / 49.70139°N 6.56972°E / 49.70139; 6.56972
Saar - Sarre
River
Saarschleife.jpg
Saar loop at Mettlach
Countries  France,  Germany
Départments Moselle, Bas-Rhin
Bundesländer Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate
Tributaries
 - left Nied
 - right Blies, Prims
Primary source Sarre Blanche
 - location Vosges Mountains, Alsace, France
Secondary source Sarre Rouge
Mouth Moselle River
 - coordinates 49°42′5″N 6°34′11″E / 49.70139°N 6.56972°E / 49.70139; 6.56972
Length 246 km (153 mi)
Basin 7,431 km² (2,869 sq mi)
Discharge for the confluence with the Moselle River
 - average 75 /s (2,649 cu ft/s)
Wikimedia Commons: Saar River

The Saar (French: Sarre) is a river in northeastern France (Alsace, Lorraine) and western Germany (Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate), and a right tributary of the Moselle River. It rises in the Vosges Mountains on the border of Alsace and Lorraine and flows northwards into the Moselle near Trier.

The first written mention of the Saar, in Latin language as Saravus, is found in the poem Mosella by the Roman poet Decimus Magnus Ausonius.[1]

Geography[change | change source]

Source of the Red Saar
Source of the White Saar

With a length of 246 km (153 mi),[N 1] it is the largest tributary of the Moselle river. Its drainage basin has an area of approximately 7,431 km2 (2,869 sq mi).

Course[change | change source]

The Saar river is born at the foot of Mont Donon, the highest peak of the northern Vosges Mountains. It flows first for about 126 km (78 mi) through the French regions of Lorraine and Alsace. The Saar marks the border between France and Germany for about 11 km (7 mi) from its confluence with the Blies, between the towns of Sarreguemines and Saarbrücken and goes into German territory.

Then the river flows about 68 km (42 mi) through the Saarland, and about 31 km (19 mi) through the Rhineland-Palatinate and, finally, flows into the Moselle at Konz between Trier and the Luxembourg border.

Upper Saar[change | change source]

The Sarre Rouge (Red Saar) and Sarre Blanche (White Saar) are considered as the two source rivers of the Saar.

The Red and the White Saar have their sources on Donon, less than 1 km (1 mi) distance apart. The source of the White Saar is near the town of Grandfontaine (Bas-Rhin department), and the source of the Red Saar is near the town of Abreschviller, (Moselle department). The confluence of the two rivers is near Hermelange (48°40′46″N 07°01′01″E / 48.67944°N 7.01694°E / 48.67944; 7.01694 (Hermelange)), south of Sarrebourg.[N 2]

The confluence of the Red Saar (rear) and White Saar (under the bridge)
Headwaters of the Saar
Discharge Length Watershed Source
height
Coordinates
Red Saar[2] 1.86 m³/s 26.8 km 107.3 km² 785 m 48°32′4.3″N 07°2.7′0″E / 48.534528°N 7.045°E / 48.534528; 7.045 (Sarre Rouge)
White Saar[2] 1.60 m³/s 26.6 km[3] 80.4 km² 710 m 48°31′37″N 07°09′45″E / 48.52694°N 7.1625°E / 48.52694; 7.1625 (Sarre Blanche)

The Saar river, and its two source rivers, flow first through the Moselle department, in the Lorraine region; then, for a short distance, flow through the Bas-Rhin department, in the Alsace region. From Sarrealbe to Sarreguemines, the Saar flows along the border with Germany. At Sarreguemines, the Blies river, the largest tributary of the Saar, flows into the Saar and its discharge rises from 20.9 m³/s to 41.5 m³/s.[2]

Middle and lower Saar[change | change source]

From Sarreguemines, the Saar is navigable (it is deep, wide and slow enough for a ship to pass). Then the Saar gets into German territory forming a narrow valley through the western Rhenish Massif. At its beginning in this region, it forms the famous Saar loop (German: Saarschleife) at Mettlach.

After 246 km (129 km in France,[4] and 117 km in Germany) the Saar flows into the Moselle river at Konz (Rhineland-Palatinate) between Trier and the Luxembourg border.

Grapes, to produce wine, are grown along the lower Saar, mainly between Serrig and Konz.

Tributaries of the Saar[change | change source]

Some of the important tributaries of the Saar are:

Left tributaries:

Right tributaries

Towns along the river[change | change source]

View from Saarburg of the Saar

Some towns and cities found along the river are:

France Départments Towns and cities
Moselle Abreschviller (Sarre Rouge), Lorquin, Sarrebourg, Fénétrange
Bas-Rhin Sarre-Union
Moselle Sarralbe, Sarreguemines
Germany Bundesländer Towns and cities
Saarland Saarbrücken, Völklingen, Wadgassen, Bous, Saarlouis, Dillingen, Merzig
Rhineland-Palatinate Saarburg, Konz

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. This is the length including the White Saar, following SANDRE, the French official organism; other organisms give a shorter length because they start to measure from the confluence of the White and the Red Saar rivers.
  2. Because SANDRE, the French official organism, considers the White Saar as the upper part of the Saar river, the Red Saar is considered a tributary of the White Saar - Saar river.

References[change | change source]

  1. Wiki text and translation of the poem Mosella
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Débits Caracteristiques en m3/s" (in French) (pdf). Agence de l'Eau Rhin-Meuse. 2000. http://www.lorraine.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Sarre_naturelle_reconstituee_cle51ed6c.pdf. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  3. Länge in Teilstrecken
  4. "La Sarre (A9--0100)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A9--0100. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  5. "Ruisseau de Gondrexange (A9020440)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A9020440. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  6. "Ruisseau le Landbach (A9040380)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A9040380. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  7. "Ruisseau le Naubach (A9080300)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A9080300. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  8. "L'Albe (A91-0200)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A91-0200. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  9. "Ruisseau la Rosselle (A95-0200)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A95-0200. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  10. "Ruisseau Bruchbach (A9600440)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A9600440. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  11. "La Nied (A9--0120)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A9--0120. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  12. "La Bievre (A9030300)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A9030300. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  13. "L'Isch (A90-0210)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A90-0210. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  14. "Ruisseau l'Eichel (A92-0200)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A92-0200. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  15. "La Blies (A93-0200)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. http://services.sandre.eaufrance.fr/Courdo/Fiche/client/fiche_courdo.php?CdSandre=A93-0200. Retrieved 4 November 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]