Sagrada Família

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Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família
Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family (English)
Basílica y Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia (Spanish)

View of the Passion Façade (Western side) in September  2009
(cranes digitally removed)

Basic information
Location Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Geographic coordinates 41°24′13″N 2°10′28″E / 41.40361°N 2.17444°E / 41.40361; 2.17444
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District Barcelona
Year consecrated 7 November 2010
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Minor basilica
Heritage designation 1969, 1984
Leadership Archbishop Lluís Martínez Sistach
Website www.sagradafamilia.cat
Architectural description
Architect(s) Antoni Gaudí
Architectural style Modernisme
General contractor Construction Board of La Sagrada Família Foundation
Direction of façade Northeast
Groundbreaking 1882
Completed 2026-2028[1] (estimate)
Specifications
Capacity 9,000
Length 90 metres (300 ft)[2]
Width 60 metres (200 ft)[2]
Width (nave) 45 metres (148 ft)[2]
Spire(s) 18 (8 already built)
Spire height 170 metres (560 ft) (planned)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name: Works of Antoni Gaudí
Criteria: i, ii, iv
Designated: 1984[3]
Reference #: 320bis
Type: Cultural
State Party: Spain
Region: Europe and North America
Spanish Property of Cultural Interest
Official name: Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
Designated: 24-07-1969
Reference #: (R.I.)-51-0003813-00000[4]
Type: Monument

The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família[5] (Catalan pronunciation: [səˈɣɾaðə fəˈmiɫiə]) commonly known as the Sagrada Família, is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926). Although not finished, the church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site,[6] and in November 2010 was consecrated (dedicated to a special purpose) and made a minor basilica by Pope Benedict XVI.[7][8][9]

Though building of the Sagrada Família had begun in 1882, Gaudí started working on it in 1883,[6] taking over the project and changing it with his architectural and type of engineering.

Gaudí worked on it until he died, and at the time of his death in 1926, less than a quarter of the building was finished.[10] The Sagrada Família's building moved slowly as it needed on private donations (people giving money to it) and was temporarily stopped by the Spanish Civil War—only to start again in the 1950s. Building was more than halfway done after 2010 with some of the project's biggest problems remaining[10] and an expected finish date of 2026–100 years after Gaudí's death.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sagrada Familia gets final completion date – 2026 or 2028". The Guardian. 22 September 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/sep/22/sagrada-familia-final-completion-date. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Gómez Gimeno, María José (2006). La Sagrada Familia. Mundo Flip Ediciones. pp. 86–87. ISBN 84-933983-4-9.
  3. "Unesco, Works of Antoni Gaudí". Whc.unesco.org. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/320/. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  4. "Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia" (in Spanish). Patrimonio Historico – Base de datos de bienes inmuebles. Ministerio de Cultura. http://www.mcu.es/bienes/buscarDetalleBienesInmuebles.do?brscgi_DOCN=000011542. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
  5. Also called:
    English: Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family
    Spanish: Basílica y Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
  6. 6.0 6.1 Works of Antoni Gaudi, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, accessed 14-11-2010
  7. Drummer, Alexander (23 July 2010). "Pontiff to Proclaim Gaudí's Church a Basilica". ZENIT. http://www.zenit.org/article-29981?l=english. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  8. "The Pope Consecrates The Church Of The Sagrada Familia". Vatican City: Vatican Information Service. 7 November 2010. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5uAAUTwy8. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  9. Delaney, Sarah (4 March 2010). "Pope to visit Santiago de Compostela, Barcelona in November". Catholic News Service. http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/1000887.htm. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Minder, Raphael (3 November 2010). "Polishing Gaudi's Unfinished Jewel". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/04/arts/04iht-sacred.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=gaudi%20sagrada%20familia&st=cse.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Zerbst, Rainer (1988). Antoni Gaudi- A Life Devoted to Architecture. trans. from German by Doris Jones and Jeremy Gaines. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-0074-0.
  • Nonell, Juan Bassegoda (2004). Antonio Gaudi: Master Architect. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0-7892-0220-4.
  • Crippa, Maria Antonietta (2003). Peter Gossel. ed. Antoni Gaudi, 1852–1926: From Nature to Architecture. trans. Jeremy Carden. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-2518-2.
  • Schneider, Rolf (2004). Manfred Leier. ed. 100 most beautiful cathedrals of the world: A journey through five continents. trans. from German by Susan Ghanouni and Rae Walter. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-7858-1888-5.

Other websites[change | change source]

This article is about a World Heritage Site