Saint Vincent Amazon
|Saint Vincent Amazon|
|Saint Vincent Amazon|
Description[change | change source]
The Saint Vincent Amazon is a 40 cm (16 in) long amazon parrot; the plumage of this attractive species is highly variable, with virtually no two birds appearing alike, with a yellowish white, blue and green head, greenish-bronze upperparts, violet blue-green wings, grey feet, and reddish eye. Its tail feathers are blue with broad yellow tips. Both sexes are similar.
There are two different colour morphs:[a] a more common ‘yellow-brown’ morph, and a less common ‘green’ morph. Although both morphs are broadly similar in appearance, the upperparts of the 'green' morph are mainly dull-green and the head is bluish white.
Range and habitat[change | change source]
It lives in rainforests in the island's central mountains, from 125 to 1,000 m (410 to 3,281 ft); it prefers mountains and valleys at low elevation because there are larger, mature trees needed for the nests.
Biology[change | change source]
Threats and Status[change | change source]
The combined effects of habitat loss, hunting for food, the capture to trade them as pets, and natural disasters (volcanoes and hurricanes, made that the number of Saint Vincent Amazon declined through the 20th century.
Conservation[change | change source]
A group of conservation measures has been able to avoid the extinction of the St Vincent Amazon, including: the enforcement of international and domestic legislation protecting this species from hunting and trade; the protection of habitat through the establishment of the St Vincent Parrot Reserve; and the delivery of successful public education campaigns.
The Nicholas Wildlife Aviary Complex, located within the Botanic Gardens St. Vincent maintains a vital captive breeding and conservation program to conserve the St Vincent Parrot.
National bird[change | change source]
Gallery[change | change source]
Notes[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona guildingii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106001689. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Catalogue of Life - Amazona guildingii". Catalogue of life. 25 June 2013. http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/species/id/11913339. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, pt. 4-8: 80. (1836-1840). Available on line in Biodiversity Heritage Library
- "St vincent Amazon Amazona guildingii". BirdLife International (2013). http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=1689. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- Nichols, Holly A.J.; Nichols, Thomas Duncan (1973). "St. Vincent parrot: Plumage polymorphism, juvenile plumage and polymorphism". Bulletin of the British Ornithologist's Club 93: 120-123. Available on line in Biodiversity Heritage Library
- Culzac-Wilson, Lystra; Amos Glasgow, Andrew Lockhart, Fitzroy Springer and Andrew Wilson (January 2003). "The Amazona guildingii: Conservation Status and Future Survival" (pdf) in 7th International Aviculturist Society Convention. International Aviculturists Society. 2003 Proceedings of the International Aviculturists Society . Retrieved on 4 July 2013.
- "Saint Vincent Amazons or St. Vincent Parrots (Amazona guildingii)". Avian Web. http://www.avianweb.com/saintvincentamazonparrots.html. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Amazona guildingii". Species Database. UNEP-WCMC. http://www.unep-wcmc-apps.org/isdb/Taxonomy/tax-species-result.cfm?SpeciesNo=1055. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amazona guildingii|
|Wikispecies has information on: Amazona guildingii.|