Salvatore Cammarano (also Salvadore) (19 March 1801 - 17 July 1852) was an Italian librettist and playwright. He is probably best known for writing the text of Lucia di Lammermoor (1835) for Gaetano Donizetti. He was born and died in Naples.
For Donizetti he also wrote L'assedio di Calais (1836), Belisario (1836), Pia de' Tolomei (1837), Roberto Devereux (1837), Maria de Rudenz (1838), Poliuto (1838), and Maria di Rohan (1843). For Giuseppe Persiani he wrote Ines de Castro.
For Verdi he wrote Alzira (1845), La battaglia di Legnano (1849) and Luisa Miller (1849). He had almost finished his libretto for Il trovatore (1853) when he died in July 1852. It was completed by Leone Emanuele Bardare. Cammarano started a libretto for William Shakespeare's King Lear, named Re Lear. He died before completing it. A scenario survives.
- Budden, Vol. 2, p.65
- Black, John, The Italian Romantic Libretto: A Study of Salvadore Cammarano, Edinburgh University Press, 1984 ISBN 9780852244630 ISBN 0852244630
- Budden, Julian, The Operas of Verdi, 2, From Il Trovatore to La Forza del destino . London: Cassell, 1984. ISBN 9780195200683 (hardcover); ISBN 9780195204506 (paperback).
- Warrack, John and Ewan West, The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, Oxford University Press, 1992 ISBN 0-19-869164-5