Samuel Fuller

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Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1899)

Samuel Fuller (1580 - 1633) was a passenger on the 1620 voyage of the Pilgrim ship Mayflower and singed the Mayflower Compact. He became a respected church deacon and the physician for Plymouth Colony.[1]

Fuller was a son of Robert Fuller, a butcher. He was baptized on January 20, 1580 at Redenhall, co. Norfolk, England. He was a member of the Separatist religion which was not allowed in England.[2]

In 1610, Fuller moved to Leiden, Netherlands. He was a friend of Degory Priest and Sarah Allerton. Sarah was the sister of Isaac Allerton.[3] Fuller was an active church congregation member.[3] In Leiden records Fuller was referred to as “a serge worker of London.”[2]

Samuel’s wife and son died in 1615[3] and he married Bridget Lee.[3]

Samuel Fuller helped to plan for the Separatists to move to the Colony of Virginia. They made an agreement with the Virginia Company. Fuller, along with Edward Winslow, William Bradford and Isaac Allerton, sent a letter on June 10, 1620 to John Carver and Robert Cushman. These men were in London and were also making plans for the voyage. They learned that Thomas Weston and the Company had changed the agreement. One of the changes was that the merchants would keep half of the houses and lands. The pilgrims would also have one day off from work per week. These problems were not solved until Robert Cushman arrived in the Fortune in November 1621.[3]

Samuel Fuller learned about medicine before he traveled to the New World so that he could help the others if needed. There would be no doctor on the Mayflower or at Plymouth Colony.[2][3]

Mayflower Voyage[change | change source]

"The Embarkation of the Pilgrims from Delfthaven in Holland" (1844) by Robert Walter Weir

Samuel Fuller boarded the Mayflower with only his servant William Butten, leaving his wife behind in Leiden until he could get settled. William Butten died before the Mayflower landed.[3]

The Mayflower left Plymouth, England on 16 September 1620. There were 102 passengers and 30–40 crew. On 19 November 1620, the Mayflower spotted land. They landed on 21 November and wrote the Mayflower Compact, which made rules on how they would live and treat each other.[4][5] The Mayflower was supposed to land in the Colony of Virginia, but the ship was damaged and they were forced to land at Cape Cod now called Provincetown Harbor.[6][7][8]

Plymouth Colony[change | change source]

Site of Fuller's home on Leyden Street in Plymouth, Massachusetts

Samuel's wife came on the ship Anne and in a few years Samuel would receive two acres of Land. His wife Bridget received one acre of land near a pond.[9] In 1627, Samuel and his wife received several livestock for their farm.[9]

In 1629, a group of people arrived led by John Endicott. They became sickand Fuller was sent to assist them. Endicott sent a letter of thanks to William Bradford.[9] He also helped people at Charleston when they were sick.[9]

Not everyone thought Fuller was a good doctor. In 1637, Thomas Morton, wrote a letter calling Fuller a quacksalver which is where the word "quack" comes from.[2][10]

In the summer of 1633, Fuller fell ill with a sickness that had spread through Plymouth. Author Nathaniel Morton wrote about Samuel Fuller’s in his 1669 New England’s Memorial. He praised Fuller and his work.[11]

Fuller was married two times. He married Sarah Dunthorne who died in England in 1584. His second wife was Bridget Lee who died in 1667.[2][3] He and Bridget had four children: Mercy and Samuel, Jr., unknown female and Elizabeth.[1]

Samuel Fuller made out his Will in 1633. He said he was sick and weak. Samuel Fuller died in 1633.[1]

The burial place of Samuel Fuller is unknown.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 A genealogical profile of Samuel Fuller, (a collaboration of Plimoth Plantation and New England Historic Genealogical Society accessed 2013) [1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Charles Edwards Banks, The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers: who came to Plymouth on the Mayflower in 1620, the Fortune in 1621, and the Anne and the Little James in 1623 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2006), p. 56
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Caleb H. Johnson. The Mayflower and her passengers (Indiana: Xlibris Corp., copyright 2006 Caleb Johnson), p. 147
  4. Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691, (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1986), p. 413
  5. George Ernest Bowman, The Mayflower Compact and its signers, (Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1920). Photocopies of the 1622, 1646 and 1669 versions of the document pp. 7–19.
  6. Stratton, 20.
  7. George Ernest Bowman, The Mayflower Compact and its signers (Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1920). Photocopies of the 1622, 1646 and 1669 versions of the document pp. 7-19.
  8. Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691, (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1986), pp. 411-413
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Caleb H. Johnson. The Mayflower and her passengers (Indiana: Xlibris Corp., copyright 2006 Caleb Johnson), p. 148
  10. Caleb H. Johnson, The Mayflower and her passengers (Indiana: Xlibris Corp., copyright 2006 Caleb Johnson), pp. 148-150
  11. Caleb H. Johnson, The Mayflower and her passengers (Indiana: Xlibris Corp., copyright 2006 Caleb Johnson), p. 150
  12. Memorial for Samuel Fuller

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Norman Gevitz, "Samuel Fuller of Plymouth Plantation: A 'Skillful Physician' or 'Quacksalver'?'", Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 47 (1992): 29-48.
  • Arthur and Katherine Radasch, Mayflower Families for Five Generations: Francis Eaton, Samuel Fuller and William White, volume 1 (Plymouth: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1974)
  • Francis H. Fuller, Early New England Fullers, New England Historical and Genealogical Register 55(1901):192-196.; 410-414
  • Will of Samuel Fuller
  • Pilgrim Hall Museum - Samuel Fuller