San Juan Province (Dominican Republic)

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Coordinates: 18°48′36″N 71°13′48″W / 18.81°N 71.23°W / 18.81; -71.23
San Juan
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital San Juan de la Maguana
 - elevation 415 m (1,362 ft)
 - coordinates 18°48′36″N 71°13′48″W / 18.81°N 71.23°W / 18.81; -71.23
Area 3,569.39 km² (1,378 sq mi)
Population 232,333 (2010) [1]
Density 65 /km² (168 /sq mi)
Province since 1938
Subdivisions 6 municipalities
17 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
5 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-22
Location of San Juan Province
Location of San Juan Province

San Juan is a Dominican province, in the western part of the country. Its capital city is San Juan de la Maguana.

It was made in 1938 with the name Province Benefactor. In 1961, its name was changed to the present name. It was a municipality of Azua province before being elevated to the category of province.

Location[change | edit source]

San Juan province has Santiago Rodríguez and Santiago provinces to the north, Azua province (and a short part of La Vega) to the east, Baoruco province to the south and Elías Piña province to the west.

Origin of name[change | edit source]

The name comes from the name of the capital city: San Juan de la Maguana. San Juan is a short version of San Juan Bautista (in English, Saint John the Baptist).

History[change | edit source]

Since colonial times, the territory was part of Azua province until the dictator, Rafael Trujillo, made this province in 1938 with the name Benefactor.

Municipalities[change | edit source]

San Juan has a total area of 3,569.39 km2.[2] It has 7.3% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the largest province of the country.

There are six municipalities and 17 municipal districts (M.D.) in the province. These are:

  1. San Juan de la Maguana, head municipality of the province
    1. El Rosario (M.D.)
    2. Guanito (M.D.)
    3. Hato del Padre (M.D.)
    4. La Jagua (M.D.)
    5. Las Maguanas (M.D.)
    6. Las Charcas de María Nova (M.D.)
    7. Pedro Corto (M.D.)
    8. Sabana Alta (M.D.)
    9. Sabaneta (M.D.)
  2. Bohechío
    1. Arroyo Cano (M.D.)
    2. Yaque (M.D.)
  3. El Cercado
    1. Batista (M.D.)
    2. Derrumbadero (M.D.)
  4. Juan de Herrera
    1. Jínova (M.D.)
  5. Las Matas de Farfán
    1. Carrera de Yegua (M.D.)
    2. Matayaya (M.D.)
  6. Vallejuelo
    1. Jorjillo (M.D.)

Population[change | edit source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 232,333 people living in San Juan province, and just 139,692 (60.13%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 65.1 persons/km2.[3]

Its population represents 2.5% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 11th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is San Juan de la Maguana, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 78,313 inhabitants.[3]

Geography[change | edit source]

Mountains[change | edit source]

The Cordillera Central ("Central mountain chain") is in the northern part of the province, and the Sierra de Neiba runs across the southern half. The area between those two mountain ranges is the San Juan valley, which the Taíno call Maguana, meaning "small valley".

The highest mountain in the province is Pico Duarte, with 3,087 m.[4] It is the highest mountain in the West Indies and is on the border with Santiago province.

Rivers[change | edit source]

The main rivers of the province are the San Juan and Yaque del Sur rivers.

Climate[change | edit source]

The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year, but it is cooler in the mountains.

References[change | edit source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. p. 38.