San Marino Grand Prix

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Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino Grand Prix
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari
Imola.svg
Race information
Laps 62
Circuit length 4.959 km
Race length 307.221 km
Number of times held 26
First held 1981
Last held 2006
Most wins (drivers) Germany Michael Schumacher (7)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Ferrari (8)
Last race (2006):
Pole position Germany Michael Schumacher
Italy Ferrari
1:22.795
Podium 1. Germany Michael Schumacher
Italy Ferrari
1:31:06.486
2. Spain Fernando Alonso
France Renault
+2.096s
3. Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes
+15.868s
Fastest lap Spain Fernando Alonso
France Renault
1:24.569

The San Marino Grand Prix was a Formula One championship race. It was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in the town of Imola. Imola is near the Apennine mountains in Italy. The race was first held 1981, and the last race was in 2006. It is named the San Marino Grand Prix after the nearby republic of San Marino.

History[change | change source]

The area by Imola is home to several racing car manufacturers, including Ferrari, Lamborghini, and Maserati. Following the Second World War, the town started a project to improve the local economy. Four local motor racing fans suggested building a new road. The road would link together existing public roads. These road were used by the local car manufacturers to test their new car designs. Construction began in March 1950. The first test run took place two years later when Enzo Ferrari sent a car to the track.

In April 1953, the first motorcycle races took place at Imola, and the first car race took place in June 1954. In April 1963, the first race with Formula One cars took place at Imola. It was a non-championship event, and was won by Jim Clark for Lotus. An additional non-championship event took place at Imola in 1979. This race was won by Niki Lauda for Brabham-Alfa Romeo.

In 1980, the Italian Grand Prix moved from the high-speed Monza circuit to Imola. This was because of a bad crash in 1978. The crash killer the popular Swedish driver Ronnie Peterson. The 1980 race was won by Nelson Piquet for Brabham-Ford. In 1981 the Italian Grand Prix returned to Monza, and Imola hosted the new San Marino Grand Prix, named after the nearby republic of San Marino.

1994[change | change source]

In 1994 there were three serious accidents at Imola.

  1. During the Friday practice, Rubens Barrichello hit the fence at the Variante Bassa. It was a very hard crash and he was knocked unconscious for a few minutes.
  2. During the qualifying session on Saturday, Roland Ratzenberger crashed at the Villeneuve Corner. On the lap before he crashed, Roland went over a kerb too quickly which damaged his front wing. This caused his front wing to fail at 190mph, causing him to go into the concrete wall. He hit a concrete barrier wall almost head-on and was received a very bad head injury. He was taken to the hospital, but died from injuries.
  3. In the race on Sunday, Ayrton Senna hit a concrete wall at the high-speed Tamburello Corner. Senna suffered severe head injuries. After he was removed from the car he was air lifted to hospital. He died in hospital after his life support was turned off because it was the only thing keeping him alive. It is still not clear today what caused Senna's crash. The car was too damaged to analyse what caused the crash. For the 1995 race, the Tamburello and Villeneuve corners were changed. They became slower chicanes. The Variante Bassa was also straightened. These crashes started changes at other Formula One circuits. Changes were made to make the sport safer.

Teams had complained about the poor quality of the facilities (buildings and work areas) at Imola. San Marino Grand Prix was dropped from the Formula One championship after 2006. Part of the reason for dropping San Marino was there was another grand prix held in Italy.[1]

Winners of the San Marino Grand Prix[change | change source]

Multiple winners (drivers)[change | change source]

# Wins Driver Years Won
7 Germany Michael Schumacher 1994, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006
3 Brazil Ayrton Senna 1988, 1989, 1991
France Alain Prost 1984, 1986, 1993
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1987, 1992
United Kingdom Damon Hill 1995, 1996

Active drivers are in bold.

Multiple winners (constructors)[change | change source]

# Wins Constructor Years Won
8 Italy Ferrari 1982, 1983, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006
United Kingdom Williams 1987, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001
6 United Kingdom McLaren 1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1998

Active teams are in bold.

By year[change | change source]

Year Driver Constructor Location
2006 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Imola
2005 Spain Fernando Alonso Renault Imola
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Imola
2003 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Imola
2002 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Imola
2001 Germany Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Imola
2000 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Imola
1999 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Imola
1998 United Kingdom David Coulthard McLaren-Mercedes Imola
1997 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen Williams-Renault Imola
1996 United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams-Renault Imola
1995 United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams-Renault Imola
1994 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford Imola
1993 France Alain Prost Williams-Renault Imola
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Imola
1991 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Imola
1990 Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault Imola
1989 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Imola
1988 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Imola
1987 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Imola
1986 France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Imola
1985 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Renault Imola
1984 France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Imola
1983 France Patrick Tambay Ferrari Imola
1982 France Didier Pironi Ferrari Imola
1981 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-Ford Imola

Deaths[change | change source]

  • Roland Ratzenberger, died in a crash at Villeneuve Corner during qualifying for the 1994 grand prix.
  • Ayrton Senna, died in a crash at Tamburello while leading the race on May 1, 1994.

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 44°20′25″N 11°42′49″E / 44.34028°N 11.71361°E / 44.34028; 11.71361