San Pedro de Macorís Province
|San Pedro de Macorís|
|Capital||San Pedro de Macorís|
|- elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|Area||1,255.46 km² (485 sq mi)|
|Density||231.4 /km² (599 /sq mi)|
2 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
It was created as a Maritime District (a special administrative category that has been abandoned) on 13 June, 1882. The 1907 Dominican Constitution change its status to province. It was part of the old province of Santo Domingo and of the El Seibo province before being elevated to the category of province.
The San Pedro de Macorís province bordered to the north by the Hato Mayor and El Seibo provinces, to the east by the La Romana province and to the west by the Monte Plata and Santo Domingo provinces.The Caribbean Sea is to the south of the province.
Origin of name [change]
The province has the same name of the capital of the province. In English, San Pedro is "Saint Peter"; "Macorís" was the name of a group of native people that lived in the Hispaniola. That name Macorís, or Macorix, was given to the river where the city of San Pedro de Macorís was founded.
The San Pedro de Macorís province has a total area of 1,255.46 km². It has 2.6% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 20th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.
The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- San Pedro de Macorís, head municipality of the province
- San José de Los Llanos
- Ramón Santana
In 2010 (last national census), there were 290,458 people living in the San Pedro de Macorís province, and 244,215 (84.08%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 231.4 persons/km², one of the highest in the country.
Its population represents 3.1% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 7th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
The province is in the "Llano Costero del Caribe" (English: "Caribbean Coastal Plain"), a large plain in southeastern Dominican Republic where there are many savannas with grasses. There are not high mountains in the province, only some low hills.
The rivers in this province are not very long but they have much water; their sources are in the mountains north of the province and flow south to the Caribbean Sea. The most important rivers are, from east to west:
- Cumayasa, which is the border with the La Romana Province
- Higuamo. The city of San Pedro de Macorís is at its mouth. Its name was Macorís (or Macoríx) after joining the Casuí but that name is not used any more for the river.
- Casuí. It is a tributary of the Higuamo river.
- Brujuelas, which forms the border with the Monte Plata Province and is part of the border with the Santo Domingo Province. The last eight kilometres of this river are underground.
In the last years of the 19th century, during the war of independence in Cuba, many Cuban and American companies came to the Dominican Republic to grow sugar cane and to produce sugar. San Pedro de Macorís is the Dominican province where there are more sugar cane factories and the port of San Pedro de Macorís became one of the most important port in the country.
In the city of San Pedro de Macorís, manufacturing is important, mainly cement, rhum and in industries in the Zona Franca ("free zone" where the industries do not pay taxes and all the production is sent to other countries).
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.