San Pedro de Macorís Province

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Coordinates: 18°27′36″N 69°18′36″W / 18.46°N 69.31°W / 18.46; -69.31
San Pedro de Macorís
Province
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital San Pedro de Macorís
 - elevation m (13 ft)
 - coordinates 18°27′36″N 69°18′36″W / 18.46°N 69.31°W / 18.46; -69.31
Area 1,255.46 km² (485 sq mi)
Population 290,458 (2010) [1]
Density 231 /km² (598 /sq mi)
Province since 1885
Subdivisions 6 municipalities
2 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
6 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-23
Location of the San Pedro de Macorís Province
Location of the San Pedro de Macorís Province

San Pedro de Macorís is a province of the Dominican Republic. It is in the southeastern part of the country. Its capital city is San Pedro de Macorís.

It was created as a Maritime District (a special administrative category that has been abandoned) on 13 June, 1882. The 1907 Dominican Constitution change its status to province. It was part of the old province of Santo Domingo and of the El Seibo province before being elevated to the category of province.

Location[change | change source]

The San Pedro de Macorís province bordered to the north by the Hato Mayor and El Seibo provinces, to the east by the La Romana province and to the west by the Monte Plata and Santo Domingo provinces.The Caribbean Sea is to the south of the province.

Origin of name[change | change source]

The province has the same name of the capital of the province. In English, San Pedro is "Saint Peter"; "Macorís" was the name of a group of native people that lived in the Hispaniola. That name Macorís, or Macorix, was given to the river where the city of San Pedro de Macorís was founded.

Municipalities[change | change source]

The San Pedro de Macorís province has a total area of 1,255.46 km².[2] It has 2.6% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 20th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

There are six municipalities and two municipal districts in the province.

The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Population[change | change source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 290,458 people living in the San Pedro de Macorís province, and 244,215 (84.08%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 231.4 persons/km², one of the highest in the country.[3]

Its population represents 3.1% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 7th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is San Pedro de Macorís, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 195,307 inhabitants.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

The province is in the "Llano Costero del Caribe" (English: "Caribbean Coastal Plain"), a large plain in southeastern Dominican Republic where there are many savannas with grasses. There are not high mountains in the province, only some low hills.

The rivers in this province are not very long but they have much water; their sources are in the mountains north of the province and flow south to the Caribbean Sea. The most important rivers are, from east to west:

Economy[change | change source]

Because in the province there are many savannas with grasses, the main economic activity for centuries was cattle raising. It is still an important activity in the province.

In the last years of the 19th century, during the war of independence in Cuba, many Cuban and American companies came to the Dominican Republic to grow sugar cane and to produce sugar. San Pedro de Macorís is the Dominican province where there are more sugar cane factories and the port of San Pedro de Macorís became one of the most important port in the country.

In the city of San Pedro de Macorís, manufacturing is important, mainly cement, rhum and in industries in the Zona Franca ("free zone" where the industries do not pay taxes and all the production is sent to other countries).

In the Guayacanes municipality, tourism is important and there are many hotels close to the beaches, mainly in the Juan Dolio beach.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  3. 3.0 3.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.