Saxony

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The Free State of Saxony
Freistaat Sachsen
Swobodny Stata Sakska
State of Germany

Flag

Coat of arms
Position of Saxony within Germany

Coordinates: 50°55′42″N 13°27′24″E / 50.9283°N 13.4567°E / 50.9283; 13.4567Coordinates: 50°55′42″N 13°27′24″E / 50.9283°N 13.4567°E / 50.9283; 13.4567{{#coordinates:50.9283|N|13.4567|E|type:city(4192700)_region:DE|||| |primary |name=

}}
Country Germany
Capital Dresden
Government
 • Minister President Stanislaw Tillich (CDU)
 • Governing parties CDU / FDP
Area
 • Total 18,415 km2 (7,110 sq mi)
Population (December 2008)
 • Total 4,192,700
 • Density 227.679/km2 (589.685/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen Sorbian: Swobodny Stata Sakska), is one of 16 states of Germany. It is in the southeast, north of Czech Republic. To the east of Saxony is Poland. The biggest city is Leipzig. The capital is called Dresden. It was founded in 1990.

Geography[change | change source]

Saxony is the border of Germany to the two countries Poland and Czech Republic. In the north of Saxony is Brandenburg, another German state. Saxony's west border is to Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Bavaria. A big part of the border to the Czech Republic are the Ore Mountains in the south of Saxony.

Cities and towns[change | change source]

City District Number of people
31 December 2000
Number of people
31 December 2006
Number of people
30 June 2008
Leipzig Leipzig (city) 493,208 506,260 511,676
Dresden Dresden (city) 477,807 504,635 508,398
Chemnitz Chemnitz (city) 259,246 245,739 244,310
Zwickau Zwickau Rural District 103,008 96,878 95,322
Plauen Vogtlandkreis 71,543 68,317 67,309
Görlitz Görlitz Rural District 61,599 57,201 56,608
Hoyerswerda Bautzen Rural District 50,203 41,515 39,835
Freiberg Mittelsachsen Rural District 45,428 42,772 42,120
Bautzen Bautzen Rural District 43,353 41,766 41,354
Pirna Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge Rural District 42,108 39,748 39,291
Freital Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge Rural District 40,129 39,059 39,139
Riesa Riesa-Großenhain Rural District 39,367 36,145 35,139
Radebeul Meißen Rural District 32,246 33,205 33,284
Meißen Meißen Rural District 29,398 28,091 27,846
Limbach-Oberfrohna Zwickau Rural District 27,552 26,591 26,113
Zittau Görlitz Rural District 27,454 24,892 29,093
Glauchau Zwickau Rural District 27,285 25,744 25,159
Delitzsch¹ Nordsachsen Rural District 26,331 27,448 27,111
Weißwasser/O.L. Görlitz Rural District 26,107 21,797 20,298
Werdau Zwickau Rural District 26,077 23,976 23,565
Annaberg-Buchholz Erzgebirgskreis 24,495 22,817 22,514
Coswig Meißen Rural District 24,035 22,365 22,514
Reichenbach im Vogtland Vogtlandkreis Rural District 23,469 22,164 21,210
Crimmitschau Zwickau Rural District 23,305 22,330 21,684
Markkleeberg Leipzig Rural District 23,157 23,718 23,962
Döbeln Mittelsachsen Rural District 23,128 21,356 20,726
Schwarzenberg/Erzgeb. Erzgebirgskreis 20,201 18,517 19,187
Auerbach Vogtlandkreis Rural District 20,042 21,246 20,620
Borna Leipzig Rural District 20,010 22,657 21,539

Districts[change | change source]

Saxony is divided into 3 administrative districts (Chemnitz, Dresden and Leipzig). These are subdivided into 10 districts:

(The car licence plate of the areas are in brackets)

  1. Bautzen (BZ)
  2. Erzgebirgskreis (ERZ)
  3. Leipzig (L)
  4. Meißen (MEI)
  5. Mittelsachsen (FG)
  6. Görlitz (GR)
  7. Nordsachsen (TDO)
  8. Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge (PIR)
  9. Vogtlandkreis (V)
  10. Zwickau (Z)
Districts of Saxony

Urban districts[change | change source]

Saxony has three urban districts which do not belong to the rural districts.

History[change | change source]

The first Free State of Saxony was founded in 1918, after the first World War. After the second World War, in 1945, the "country of Saxony" was founded. Later the Country was divided into 3 administrative divisions of the German Democratic Republic, and thus robbed of its sovereignty.

In 1990 the Free State of Saxony was officially re-founded as a part of Germany.

Population development[change | change source]

The number of people in Saxony since 1905:

Year People
1905 4,508,601
1946 5,558,566
1950 5,682,802
1964 5,463,571
1970 5,419,187
1981 5,152,857
1990 4,764,301
1995 4,566,603
Year People
2000 4,425,581
2001 4,384,192
2002 4,349,659
2003 4,321,437
2004 4,296,284
2005 4,273,754
2006 4,249,774
2007 4,220,200
2008 4,192,700

Other websites[change | change source]