Scottish Conservative Party
The Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party is a political party in Scotland that is part of the British Conservative Party. The party's policies usually promote conservatism and the continuing of Scotland as part of the United Kingdom.
In the Scottish Parliament, the party's leader is Annabel Goldie and the party is an opposition party with 16 out of 129 seats. The party has one seat out of 59 Scottish seats in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom and 1 out of 6 Scottish seats in the European Parliament.
In Scotland, the Conservatives used to be known as the Unionist Party and were Scotland's largest party during the 1950s. However in 1965, the Scottish Unionist Party merged with the Conservative Party which triggered a decline in Conservative support across Scotland. At the 1987 General Election, the Conservatives were reduced from 21 to 10 Scottish seats, and the party lost all of its Scottish seats in 1997.
Since 2001, the party has held only 1 Scottish seat in the House of Commons but has secured roughly 18 seats in Scottish Parliament elections because of the Scottish Parliament's electoral system which partly uses proportional representation. However, the party has won several constituency seats in the Scottish parliament and going into the 2011 Scottish parliament election, the party has 20 seats (6 constituency and 14 regional).