Severus

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Septimius Severus
Emperor of the Roman Empire
Alabaster bust of Septimius Severus
Reign 14 April 193 – 4 February 211
(&&&&&&&&&&&&&017.&&&&&017 years, &&&&&&&&&&&&0296.&&&&&0296 days)
Predecessor Didius Julianus
Successor Caracalla and Geta
Issue
Caracalla and Geta
Full name
Lucius Septimius Severus
(from birth to accession);
Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus
(as emperor)
Father Publius Septimius Geta
Mother Fulvia Pia
Born April 11, 145(145-04-11)
Leptis Magna (Libya)
Died February 4, 211(211-02-04) (aged 65)
Eboracum (York)

Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus, 11 April 145 – 4 February 211) was Roman Emperor from 193 to 211.

Severus was born in Leptis Magna in the province of Africa. As a young man, Severus advanced under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus.

Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the so-called Year of the Five Emperors. After deposing the incumbent emperor Didius Julianus in a bloodless coup, Severus fought his rival claimants, the generals Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus. Niger was defeated in 194 at the Battle of Issus, and Albinus three years later at the Battle of Lugdunum.

After solidifying his rule, Severus waged a brief war against the Parthian Empire, sacking their capital Ctesiphon in 197. In 202 he campaigned in Africa against the Garamantes, briefly taking their capital Garama and expanding the southern frontier of the empire radically.

Late in his reign he fought the Picts in Caledonia and strengthened Hadrian's Wall in Britain. Severus died in 211 at Eboracum, succeeded by his sons Caracalla and Geta. With the succession of his sons, Severus founded the Severan dynasty, the last dynasty of the empire before the Crisis of the Third Century.