Shaheen Falcon

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Shaheen Falcon
Territorial bird of GB, Symbol of PAF
Conservation status
Vulnerable[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Falconidae
Genus: Falco
Species: F. peregrinus
Subspecies: F. p. peregrinator
Trinomial name
Falco peregrinus peregrinator
Sundevall, 1837
Synonyms
  • Falco atriceps
  • Falco shaheen

The Shaheen Falcon (Falco peregrinus peregrinator), also known as the Indian Peregrine Falcon,[2] Black Shaheen, Indian Shaheen, or simply the Shaheen,[3] is a non-migratory subspecies of the Peregrine Falcon found mainly in hilly and mountainous regions of Pakistan and rest of the Indian subcontinent and the nearby island of Sri Lanka.[4]. In Pakistani literature, the Shaheen has a special association with the poetry of the country's national poet, Allama Muhammad Iqbal[5].

References[change | edit source]

  1. Gehan de Silva Wijeratne; Deepal Warakagoda & T.S.U. de Zylva (2007). "Species description". A Photographic Guide to Birds of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. p. 37. ISBN 978 1 85974 511 3.
  2. Manjula Vijesundara (2007). Sinhala Kurulu Vishvakoshaya (Sinhala Bird Encyclopaedia) - Part 1. Suriya Publishers. p. 278. ISBN 955 8892 94 7.
  3. The shaheen (شاهین) of Arabic and Persian writers are usually Barbary Falcons; those in Indian (शाहीन) and Pakistani (شاہین) sources normally refer to peregrinator.
  4. Döttlinger, Hermann; & Nicholls, Mike (2005). "Distribution and population trends of the ‘black shaheen’ Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus peregrinator and the eastern Peregrine Falcon F. p. calidus in Sri Lanka". Forktail 21: 133–138. http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/21pdf/Dottlinger-Peregrine.pdf.
  5. See also Peregrine falcon