Sicilian defence

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening, which starts with these moves:

  • 1. e4 c5

In competitive chess, it is by far the most frequently played reply to the King's Pawn opening (1.e4).

The open Sicilian
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 __ h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn
a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 black pawn e6 __ f6 black knight g6 __ h6 __
a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 white knight e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 __ e3 __ f3 __ g3 __ h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook
End of chess board.
  • Open variations 1e4 c5 2Nf3 followed by 3d4. A typical line is
1.e4 c5
2.Nf3 d6
3.d4 cxd4
4.Nxd4 Nf6
5.Nc3

Now Black decides where to put his KB: on e7 or g7; his QN will probably go to c6.

The closed Sicilian
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 __ c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 __ g8 black knight h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 __ d7 __ e7 black pawn f7 black pawn g7 black bishop h7 black pawn
a6 __ b6 __ c6 black knight d6 black pawn e6 __ f6 __ g6 black pawn h6 __
a5 __ b5 white bishop c5 black pawn d5 __ e5 __ f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 white pawn g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 __ c3 white knight d3 white pawn e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 __ e2 __ f2 __ g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 __ c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 __ g1 __ h1 white rook
End of chess board.
  • Closed variations 1e4 c5 2Nc3 not followed by d4. A typical line is
1.e4 c5
2.Nc3 Nc6
3.f4 d6
4.Nf3 g6
5.Bb5 Bg7
6.d3

Instead of 3.f4, a slower game with 3.g3 followed by Bg2 and d3 could be chosen by White.

  • ECO code B20–B99. ECO is the Encyclopaedia of chess openings.