Sindh

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Sindh
سنڌ
Province of Pakistan

Flag

Seal
Location of Sindh in Pakistan
Map of Sindh, Pakistan
Coordinates: 24°52′N 67°03′E / 24.87°N 67.05°E / 24.87; 67.05Coordinates: 24°52′N 67°03′E / 24.87°N 67.05°E / 24.87; 67.05
Country Pakistan
Established 1 July 1970
Capital Karachi
Largest city Karachi
Government
 • Type Province
 • Body Provincial Assembly
 • High Court Sindh High Court
Area
 • Total 140,914 km2 (54,407 sq mi)
Population (2012 census preliminary)[1]
 • Total 55,245,497
 • Density 392.0512/km2 (1,015.408/sq mi)
Time zone PKT (UTC+5)
Main Language(s) Other: Punjabi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki[2][3][4]
Assembly seats 168[5]
Districts 27
Towns 119
Union Councils 1108[6]

Sindh (Sindhi: سنڌ) is a province in Pakistan. The capital of Sindh is Karachi. Sindh has a population of 30 million people and an area of 54,407 mi² or (140,914 km²); in terms of area the provincial region of Sindh is greater in area than Greece but smaller than Tajikistan. There is a southern boundary with the Indian state of Gujarat. This is in dispute see: Kori Creek

Etymology[change | change source]

The province of Sindh and the people inhabiting the region are named after the river known as the Sindhu River before Independence and now called the Indus River. In Sanskrit, síndhu means "river, stream", and refers to the Indus river in particular. The Greeks who conquered Sindh in 325 BC under the command of Alexander the Great rendered it as Indós, hence the modern Indus. The ancient Iranians referred to everything east of the river Indus as hind from the word Sindh. When the British arrived in the 17th century, they followed that regional example and applied the Greek name for Sindh to the entire South Asian region, calling it India.

History[change | change source]

Sindh (Sindhi: سنڌ) is one of the provinces of Pakistan. Sindh was home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization which is 5,500 years old[source?]. 'Hind' is the corruption of the word for 'Sind'[source?]. In 1947 Sindh joined Pakistan by a majority vote of members of the 1947 provincial legislature.

Geography[change | change source]

Sindh is located on the western corner of South-central Asia, bordering the Iranian plateau in the west. Geographically it is the third largest province of Pakistan, stretching about 579 km from north to south and 442 km (extreme) or 281 km (average) from east to west, with an area of 140,915 square kilometres (54,408 sq mi) of Pakistani territory. Sindh is bounded by the Thar Desert to the east, the Kirthar Mountains to the west, and the Arabian Sea in the south. In the centre is a fertile plain around the Indus River.

Districts of Sindh[change | change source]

Government[change | change source]

The Provincial Assembly of Sindh is unicameral and consists of 168 seats, of which 5% are reserved for non-Muslims and 17% for women. The provincial capital of Sindh is Karachi.

The government is presided over by the Chief Minister of Sindh.

Most of the Sindhi people in the province are involved in Pakistan's politics. Sindh is a stronghold of the centre-left Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), which is the largest political party in the province.

Pakistan has had two very famous Sindhi leaders as Prime Ministers—Mr Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and his daughter Ms Benazir Bhutto. Ms Bhutto's husband, Mr Asif Ali Zardari, was elected President of Pakistan[7].

Provincial symbols of Sindh (unofficial)
Provincial animal Sindh Ibex Capra ibex ibex – 03.jpg
Provincial bird Sind Sparrow Sind Sparrow (Passer pyrrhonotus)- Male at Sultanpur I Picture 178.jpg
Provincial tree Egyptian thorn Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis.jpg
Provincial flower Nerium oleander Nerium oleander flowers leaves.jpg

Other pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sind - type and level of administrative division". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. http://archive.is/fcbX. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
  2. "Percentage Distribution of Households by Language Usually Spoken and Region/Province, 1998 Census.". Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2008. Federal Bureau of Statistics - Government of Pakistan. http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/fbs/publications/yearbook2008/Population/16-20.pdf. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
  3. "Sindh (province, Pakistan)" at Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  4. "About Sindh" at SindhToday.net
  5. "Provincial Assembly Seats". http://www.pas.gov.pk/index.php/members/party_pos/en/19.
  6. "Government of Sindh". http://www.lgdsindh.com.pk/.
  7. The prime minister is the 'head of government' under the Constitution of Pakistan whereas the president is 'head of state'