The Sino-Soviet Split (1960–1989) was a time when the relations between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union weakened during the Cold War. Eventually, China's leader, Mao Zedong, decided to break the alliance with the Soviet Union.
Sino-Soviet cooperation[change | change source]
The Soviet leader, Stalin, wanted to help spread communism, especially in China. During the Chinese Civil War, the Soviets gave weapons and supplies to the Kuomintang, but once the Communists were about to win, Stalin and the Soviet Union decided to help the Kuomintang. This is one of the main reasons for the Sino-Soviet Split since the Soviets didn't help Mao and the Communists from the start.
The split[change | change source]
Suddenly, in 1953, Stalin died. Mao saw Stalin act as the leader of Communism, but also had a negative relationship with the Soviet Union throughout his time as leader. Now that Stalin was gone, he wanted to be leader. He always wanted to be just like Stalin, so he wanted to be the leader of Communism. The new Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, was not like Stalin. He did not want capitalism to collapse like Stalin did, and he did not really care. Mao got angry about this, and he wanted Nikita Khrushchev to help him crush the "imperialists". Khrushchev said no, and then Mao decided that if Khrushchev was not going to cooperate, they would not work with each other anymore.
Afterwards[change | change source]
There was peace between the USSR and China, but they were suspicious of each other. They were no longer allies, and Mao's supporters said that it had been a victory.